Complications of chronic suppurative otitis media: a retrospective review
Forty-five cases of lateral sinus thrombosis were recorded in King Edward VIII Hospital from 1978 to 1984. Eighty-two per cent of the patients were under the age of 15 years. Associated complications recorded were: 9 patients with meningitis, 4 with posterior-fossa abscess, 1 patient suffering from posterior fossa empyema; 4 presented with facial palsy and 1 with tuberculous mastoiditis. Four deaths were recorded. Findings at mastoidectomy showed a prevalence of infective granulations (60 per cent) over cholesteatoma (40 per cent) as a cause of the extension of infection. The surgical protocol for the management of lateral sinus thrombosis was mastoidectomy, needling the sinus and removal of the thrombus, if necessary. Medical treatment consisted of Ampicillin and Metronidozol.