Effect of auxins and plant oligosaccharides on root formation and elongation growth of mung bean hypocotyls
Comparative effects of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) on lateral root (LR) formation were studied using 2-day-old seedlings of IR8 rice (Oryza sativa L.). Results showed that IBA at all concentrations (0.8–500 nmol/L) increased the number of LRs in the seminal root. However exogenous IAA, failed to increase the number of LRs. On the other hand, both IBA and IAA caused inhibition of seminal root elongation and promotion of LR elongation, but IAA can only reach to the same degree of that of IBA at a more than 20-fold concentration. Exogenous IBA had no effect on endogenous IAA content. We conclude from the results that IBA could act directly as a distinct auxin, promoting LR formation in rice, and that the signal transduction pathway for IBA is at least partially different from that for IAA.