Lateral Stability and Falls in Older People

@article{Rogers2003LateralSA,
  title={Lateral Stability and Falls in Older People},
  author={Mark W. Rogers and Marie-Laure Mille},
  journal={Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews},
  year={2003},
  volume={31},
  pages={182-187}
}
  • M. RogersM. Mille
  • Published 1 October 2003
  • Medicine
  • Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
ROGERS, M. W., and M.-L. MILLE. Lateral stability and falls in older people. Exerc. Sport Sci. Rev., Vol. 31, No. 4, pp. 182–187, 2003. Aging changes in specific neuromusculoskeletal factors affecting protective stepping and other balance functions may precipitate lateral instability and falls. Identification of these factors provides directives for novel therapeutic interventions to reduce fall risk in older people. 

Investigating Balance and Stability: A Review

Researchers and clinicians must understand the mechanisms of balance in order to design and develop components that increase function in the prosthetic limb, where standard measurements of balance control have been established.

Force-Controlled Balance Perturbations Associated with Falls in Older People: A Prospective Cohort Study

It is suggested that amount of force that can be withstood following an unpredictable balance perturbation predicts future falls in community-dwelling older adults.

Footwear width and balance-recovery reactions: A new approach to improving lateral stability in older adults.

A small increase in sole width can improve certain aspects of lateral stability in older adults, without compromising mobility and agility, and this finding supports the viability of WBOS footwear as an intervention to improve balance.

A Study on the Effects of Argentine Tango as a Form of Partnered Dance for those with Parkinson Disease and the Healthy Elderly

Falls are the leading cause of injury deaths in older adults (Murphy 2000), and they can lead to fear of falling, reduced quality of life, withdrawal from activities, and injury. Changes in joint

COMPARISON OF SHOD VS NONSHOD ON BALANCE AND POSTURAL SWAY IN OLDER ADULTS

Investigating whether a balance training intervention involving barefoot training (BT) yields better static and dynamic balance, and postural sway values than a group wearing shoes (WS) found no significant difference between the mean difference of the two groups.

A Simple Model of Stability Limits Applied to Sidestepping in Young, Elderly and Elderly Fallers

Findings revealed distinctive age differences related to fall risk and shed light on such modeling approaches for understanding the reasons why older fallers may select stepping responses and the effectiveness of such responses in recovering balance.

Lateral balance factors predict future falls in community-living older adults.

...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 18 REFERENCES

Lateral Stability, Sensorimotor Function and Falls in Older People

AIMS: To design simple tests of lateral stability for assessing balance in older people and to determine whether poor performances in these tests are associated with impaired vision, lower limb

Stepping Responses of Young and Old Adults to Postural Disturbances: Kinematics

When large disturbances of upright stance occur, balance must usually be restored by taking a step, so biomechanics of stepping responses to sudden backward pulls at the waist were examined.

Lateral stability during forward-induced stepping for dynamic balance recovery in young and older adults.

During forward-induced protective stepping, otherwise healthy older adults who had experienced falls showed particular differences in their control of lateral body motion that were not attributable to changes in anticipatory postural mechanisms.

Control of compensatory stepping reactions: Age-related impairment and the potential for remedial intervention

Stepping is a prevalent and functional reaction to loss of balance, yet this element of postural control has only recently begun to receive due attention. It is likely that the impaired ability to

Guideline for the prevention of falls in older persons. American Geriatrics Society, British Geriatrics Society, and American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Panel on Falls Prevention.

The combination of high incidence and high susceptibility to injury in older persons stems from a high prevalence of comorbid diseases and age-related physiological decline that make even a relatively mild fall potentially dangerous.

Age‐dependent variations in the directional sensitivity of balance corrections and compensatory arm movements in man

It is concluded that increased trunk roll stiffness is a key biomechanical change with age and interferes with early compensatory trunk movements and leads to trunk displacements in the direction of the impending fall.

Triggering of protective stepping for the control of human balance: age and contextual dependence.

Control of whole body balance in the frontal plane during human walking.