Late Quaternary research in southern Africa: progress, challenges and future trajectories

@article{Fitchett2017LateQR,
  title={Late Quaternary research in southern Africa: progress, challenges and future trajectories},
  author={Jennifer M. Fitchett and Stefan W. Grab and Marion K. Bamford and Anson W. Mackay},
  journal={Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa},
  year={2017},
  volume={72},
  pages={280 - 293}
}
Southern African late Quaternary research has developed rapidly during recent decades, with an increase in the range of proxies used, the inclusion of new field sites, and increased international collaboration and skills transfer. This has enabled recent meta-studies into the synoptic drivers of palaeoenvironmental shifts across the region, and of spatial variability in climatic and environmental changes. Expanded research has also highlighted uncertainties in the understanding of southern… 
The history and development of Quaternary Science in South Africa
Abstract Research in Quaternary Science in South Africa has developed rapidly over recent decades, growing into a strongly interdisciplinary and increasingly applied science. A historical overview of
Late Quaternary palaeoclimates and human-environment dynamics of the Maloti-Drakensberg region, southern Africa
Abstract The Maloti-Drakensberg Mountains are southern Africa's highest and lie at a crucial interface between the sub-continent's drier, colder, more seasonal interior and its perennially productive
The Holocene Climates of South Africa
  • J. Fitchett
  • Geography
    World Regional Geography Book Series
  • 2018
Variations in Holocene climate are of importance in understanding the contemporary diversity found in global climates and biogeography. This is particularly true for South Africa, which spans the
Quantifying late Quaternary Australian rainfall seasonality changes using the Poaceae:Asteraceae pollen ratio
Abstract Mounting evidence suggests that the Southern Westerly Winds were significantly equatorially displaced and more intense during the last glacial maximum (LGM), prompting deliberate research
Late-Holocene climate and vegetation dynamics in eastern Lesotho highlands
The eastern Lesotho highlands are of considerable hydrological importance to southern Africa as a so-called ‘water tower’ for the surrounding region. Here, we contribute proxy-data inferring climate
Climate Change During the Late Quaternary in South Africa
Climate changes during the Quaternary (last ~2.6 million years) were extremely important in shaping the land surfaces, environments and ecosystems that are present today, and in providing the
Human Evolution, Archaeology and the South African Stone Age Landscape During the Last 100,000 Years
  • S. Wurz
  • Geography
    World Regional Geography Book Series
  • 2018
During the past 100,000 years the fluctuating climate that included two glacials and three interglacials resulted in a continuously changing South African landscape. The multitude of archaeological
A late quaternary palaeoenvironmental record from Ntsikeni Wetland, KwaZulu-Natal Maloti-Drakensberg, South Africa
Abstract Ntsikeni wetland is one of the largest high-altitude wetlands in southern Africa (~1795 m asl) located in the Swartberg area of the foothills of the Maloti-Drakensberg, southern Africa. The
Late glacial (17,060–13,400 cal yr BP) sedimentary and paleoenvironmental evolution of the Sekhokong Range (Drakensberg), southern Africa
TLDR
This study shows complex changes in both moisture and thermal conditions providing a more nuanced picture of the Late Glacial for the high Drakensberg, marking the first local evidence for the Antarctic Cold Reversal in this region.
Synthesising the pollen records for the Drakensberg-Maloti through quantitative modelling
Abstract The Drakensberg-Maloti has been a region of great hydrological importance for thousands of years, captured in the archaeological record as a region of refuge under dry conditions, and in
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 174 REFERENCES
Seven decades of Quaternary palynological studies in southern Africa: a historical perspective
Quaternary palynology as a discipline evolved historically in northern hemisphere temperate environments where conditions favourable to the preservation of pollen facilitated its application to the
Late Quaternary dynamics of southern Africa's winter rainfall zone
Abstract Variations in the nature and extent of southern Africa's winter rainfall zone (WRZ) have the potential to provide important information concerning the nature of long-term climate change at
Central southern Africa at the time of the African Humid Period: A new analysis of Holocene palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimate data.
Abstract The Holocene African Humid Period (c 14.8–5.5 ka) is now recognised in high-resolution records from western Africa as well as in tropical Africa north of the equator. Establishing a clear
Shaping of modern southern African biomes: Neogene vegetation and climate changes
Long-term trends in climate, hydrology and geomorphology contributed to the formation of the current biomes of southern Africa. The Neogene terrestrial fossil record is patchy, due to the
Environmental reconstruction and climate modelling of the Late Quaternary in the winter rainfall region of the Western Cape, South Africa
TLDR
Model results thus far show significant differences for the Last Glacial Maximum between the southern and western coastal regions of the southwestern Cape, although both fall within the winter rainfall region.
Quantification of climate change for the last 20,000 years from Wonderkrater, South Africa: Implications for the long-term dynamics of the Intertropical Convergence Zone
Abstract In southeast Africa – a region for which few palaeoenvironmental records are available – the fossil pollen record from the Wonderkrater spring mound has contributed substantially to our
Evidence for progressive Holocene aridification in southern Africa recorded in Namibian hyrax middens: Implications for African Monsoon dynamics and the ‘‘African Humid Period’’
Abstract Presented here are stable nitrogen isotope data from a rock hyrax (Procavia capensis) middens from northwestern Namibia that record a series of rapid aridification events beginning at ca.
Evidence for global teleconnections in a late Pleistocene speleothem record of water balance and vegetation change at Sudwala Cave, South Africa
Abstract Understanding the global response to millennial-scale climatic events is essential to our comprehension of climatic teleconnections and projection of future change, however the extent and
Terrestrial fossil-pollen evidence of climate change during the last 26 thousand years in Southern Africa
Abstract In order to define criteria for long-term climate change models in Southern Africa, an overview of the available pollen data during the Late Quaternary is needed. Here we reassess the
Influence of tropical easterlies in southern Africa's winter rainfall zone during the Holocene
Abstract South Africa's southwestern Cape occupies a critical transition zone between Southern Hemisphere temperate (winter) and tropical (summer) moisture-bearing systems. In the recent geological
...
1
2
3
4
5
...