Late Quaternary pollen records from Easter Island

  title={Late Quaternary pollen records from Easter Island},
  author={John R. Flenley and Sarah M. King},
Easter Island is the most isolated piece of inhabited land in the world. It exhibited an unique megalithic culture1–3, involving the sculpting of giant statues (moai) especially between AD ∼1400 and ∼16804 when, for unknown reasons, the culture suddenly collapsed. The island is also of interest in relation to Pleistocene climatic change as CLIMAP5 predicted no reduction of sea-surface temperatures for this part of the Pacific at 18,000 yr BP. We have obtained fossil pollen records covering the… Expand
The Late Quaternary vegetational and climatic history of Easter Island
Easter Island occupies an exceptionally isolated position in the south Pacific Ocean. It is entirely volcanic, and is famous for its giant statues. Late Quaternary sediments have been investigated inExpand
A recently extinct palm from Easter Island
The former existence of palms on Easter Island has been demonstrated palynologically1,2, but the genus could not be determined from pollen morphology. We now report the discovery on the island ofExpand
The deforestation of Easter Island (SE Pacific): a review
Easter Island deforestation has traditionally been viewed as an abrupt island-wide event caused by the prehistoric Rapanui civilization, which precipitated its own cultural collapse. This viewExpand
Deforestation, Drought and Humans: New Discoveries of the Late Quaternary Paleoenvironment of Rapa Nui (Easter Island)
The mystery of the trees of Rapa Nui (Easter Island) is a complex problem within a dynamic ecosystem. With new physical cores from the volcanic crater lake Rano Kao, this dissertation uncovers aExpand
The end of moai quarrying and its effect on Lake Rano Raraku, Easter Island
We reconstruct aspects of the history of Easter Island over the last 4-5 centuries based on the study of a core from Rano Raraku Lake, situated in the crater that contains the quarry of the island'sExpand
Late Holocene vegetation dynamics and deforestation in Rano Aroi: Implications for Easter Island's ecological and cultural history
Abstract Easter Island (Rapa Nui) has been considered an example of how societies can cause their own destruction through the overexploitation of natural resources. The flagship of this ecocidalExpand
Vegetation changes and human settlement of Easter Island during the last millennia: a multiproxy study of the Lake Raraku sediments
Earlier palynological studies of lake sediments from Easter Island suggest that the island underwent a recent and abrupt replacement of palm-dominated forests by grasslands, interpreted as aExpand
The deforestation of Easter Island
  • V. Rull
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
  • 2019
The deforestation of Easter Island was a complex process that was spatially and temporally heterogeneous and took place under the actions and interactions of both natural and anthropogenic drivers. Expand
A radiocarbon chronology for human-induced environmental change on Mangaia, southern Cook Islands, Polynesia.
A suite of 23 14C age determinations, from a well-stratified rockshelter and from 3 pollen cores on Mangaia Island is reported. The rockshelter has yielded significant evidence for avifaunalExpand
Palynological Evidence for Land Use Changes in South-East Asia
Polleniferous sediments from SE Asian lakes and swamps may reflect anthropogenic changes in their surroundings, as are evidence of soil erosion and presence of charcoal, which are possible indicators of human activity. Expand


Radionuclide dating of the recent sediments of Blelham Tarn
Summary Lake sediments of the last 1000 years provide a unique record of environmental changes. Methods of dating this record are reviewed and discussed. Sediments of the last 20 years, which areExpand
On cavities in spines of compositae pollen
Results indicate that spine cavities are reliable morphological features, and they are species-dependent, and thought to represent an important feature that should be studied in pollination and allergy research. Expand