Late Proterozoic plate tectonics and palaeogeography: a tale of two supercontinents, Rodinia and Pannotia

  title={Late Proterozoic plate tectonics and palaeogeography: a tale of two supercontinents, Rodinia and Pannotia},
  author={C. Scotese},
Abstract The plate tectonic and palaeogeographic history of the late Proterozoic is a tale of two supercontinents: Rodinia and Pannotia. Rodinia formed during the Grenville Event (c. 1100 Ma) and remained intact until its collision with the Congo continent (800–750 Ma). This collision closed the southern part of the Mozambique Seaway, and triggered the break-up of Rodinia. The Panthalassic Ocean opened as the supercontinent of Rodinia split into a northern half (East Gondwana, Cathyasia and… Expand
Paleozoic plate kinematics during the Pannotia–Pangaea supercontinent cycle
Abstract Three supercontinents have been suggested to have existed in the last 1 Gyr. The supercontinent status of Pangaea and Rodinia is undisputed. In contrast, there is ongoing controversy onExpand
Long history of a Grenville orogen relic – The North Qinling terrane: Evolution of the Qinling orogenic belt from Rodinia to Gondwana
Abstract The North Qinling terrane (NQT) is considered to be a relic of the Grenvillian orogeny and is related to the formation of Rodinia because of the extensive magmatism and typicalExpand
Plate Tectonic History
The oldest rocks in Libya have been dated at almost 3 billion years. Since then the territory of Libya has successively formed part of Rodinia, Pannotia, Gondwana, Pangaea and Africa. It has a longExpand
Geochronology of the Volyn volcanic complex at the western slope of the East European Craton – Relevance to the Neoproterozoic rifting and the break-up of Rodinia/Pannotia
Abstract Thick Neoproterozoic rift sequences along the western margin of the East European Craton (EEC) are classically attributed to rifting leading to break-up of super-continent Rodinia/Pannotia.Expand
Peninsular India in Gondwana: The tectonothermal evolution of the Southern Granulite Terrain and its Gondwanan counterparts
Abstract Peninsular India forms a keystone in Gondwana, linking the East African and Malagasy orogens with Ediacaran–Cambrian orogenic belts in Sri Lanka and the Lutzow Holm Bay region of AntarcticaExpand
888–444 Ma Global Plate Tectonic Reconstruction With Emphasis on the Formation of Gondwana
The formation of Gondwana results from a complex history, which can be linked to many orogenic sutures. The sutures have often been gathered in the literature under broad orogenies — in particularExpand
Closure of the Proto-Tethys Ocean and Early Paleozoic amalgamation of microcontinental blocks in East Asia
Abstract As a complex paleo-ocean located between the Tarim-North China and the Sibumasu/Baoshan blocks, the Proto-Tethys Ocean was opened from the rifting of the Supercontinent Rodinia and mainlyExpand
Tectonothermal history of the Mesoproterozoic Novillo Gneiss of eastern Mexico: support for a coherent Oaxaquia microcontinent
The Novillo Gneiss is one of several exposures of Mesoproterozoic (ca. 1.0–1.2 Ga) basement in eastern Mexico interpreted to be outcrops of a single crustal block (Oaxaquia) that has figuredExpand
Global Neoproterozoic petroleum systems: the emerging potential in North Africa
Abstract The Neoproterozoic Eon is relatively poorly known from a petroleum perspective, despite the existence of producing, proven and potential plays in many parts of the world. In tectonic,Expand
The role of magmatism in the evolution of the Cambrian southern Oklahoma rift zone: geochemical constraints on the mafic-intermediate rocks in the Arbuckle Mountains, OK
The Southern Oklahoma rift zone (SOA), which stretches from southern Oklahoma through the Texas panhandle and into Colorado and New Mexico, contains extensive bimodal mafic-silicic magmatism relatedExpand


Tectonic assembly of Gondwana
Abstract The Paleozoic assembly of Pangea, with Gondwana as its southern half, completed the last full cycle of growth and dispersal of supercontinents during earth history. This assembly apparentlyExpand
Continental break-up and collision in the Neoproterozoic and Palaeozoic — A tale of Baltica and Laurentia
During the Neoproterozoic and Palaeozoic the two continents of Baltica and Laurentia witnessed the break-up of one supercontinent, Rodinia, and the formation of another, but less long-lived, Pangea.Expand
Paleomagnetic constraints on timing of the Neoproterozoic breakup of Rodinia and the Cambrian formation of Gondwana
Paleomagnetic data from East Gondwana (Australia, Antarctica, and India) and Laurentia are interpreted to demonstrate that the two continents were juxtaposed in the Rodinia supercontinent by 1050 Ma.Expand
A review of the Mesoproterozoic to early Palaeozoic magmatic and tectonothermal history of south–central Africa: implications for Rodinia and Gondwana
This paper provides a review of the tectonic evolution of central–southern Africa from Mesoproterozoic to earliest Palaeozoic times, using available geological information and a robust U–Pb zirconExpand
Neoproterozoic (∼600 Ma) aggregation of Western Gondwana: a tentative scenario
Abstract Gondwana resulted from accretion of fragments of the Rodinia supercontinent. However, precise times and circumstances of individual accretions are still disputed. Aggregation of WesternExpand
Extensional collapse of the late Neoproterozoic-early Palaeozoic East African-Antarctic Orogen in central Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica
Abstract The East African-Antarctica Orogen resulted from the continent-continent collision of East and West Gondwana, or parts thereof, during the Pan-African event at c. 650–510 Ma. The collisionExpand
Early Paleozoic tectonism within the East Antarctic craton: The final suture between east and west Gondwana?
New U-Pb SHRIMP ages from East Antarctica point to the existence of a laterally continuous orogenic belt that bisects the East Antarctic craton. This orogenic belt juxtaposes Archean crust to theExpand
OVERVIEW: Neoproterozoic-Paleozoic geography and tectonics: Review, hypothesis, environmental speculation
The ever-changing distribution of continents and ocean basins on Earth is fundamental to the environment of the planet. Recent ideas regarding pre-Pangea geography and tectonics offer freshExpand
Abstract Well-dated paleomagnetic poles for the interval 1100–800 Ma have been compiled for the Laurentia, Baltica, Sao Francisco, Congo and Kalahari cratons in order to construct apparent polarExpand
Did the Breakout of Laurentia Turn Gondwanaland Inside-Out?
Comparative geology suggests that the continents adjacent to northern, western, southern, and eastern Laurentia in the Late Proterozoic were Siberia, Australia-Antarctica, southern Africa, andExpand