Late Pleistocene northward-dispersing Bison antiquus from the Bighill Creek Formation, Gallelli Gravel Pit, Alberta, Canada, and the fate of Bison occidentalis

  title={Late Pleistocene northward-dispersing Bison antiquus from the Bighill Creek Formation, Gallelli Gravel Pit, Alberta, Canada, and the fate of Bison occidentalis},
  author={Michael Clayton Wilson and Len V. Hills and Beth Shapiro},
  journal={Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences},
Late Pleistocene bison skeletal remains from the Gallelli Gravel Pit in the Bighill Creek Formation at Calgary, Alberta, document at least two individuals, including the largest postglacial bison reported from North America south of Beringia. Two partial crania, dated to 11 290 and 10 100 14 C years BP, are referred to the southern species Bison antiquus Leidy, indicating northward movement from the midcontinent as ice retreat opened a corridor between Laurentide and Cor- dilleran ice. Their… 

A middle Holocene steppe bison and paleoenvironments from the Versleuce Meadows, Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada

© 2017 Canadian Science Publishing. All rights reserved. A partial skeleton of a bison was recovered during residential house construction in Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada. The specimen represents a

An ancient bison from the mouth of the Rauchua River (Chukotka, Russia)

A Combined Mesowear Analysis of Mexican Bison antiquus Shows a Generalist Diet with Geographical Variation

Abstract. Bison antiquus Leidy, 1852 was one of the largest and most widely distributed megafaunal species during the Late Pleistocene in North America, giving rise to the modern plains bison in the

Middle Holocene Taphonomy and Paleozoology at the Prairie-Forest Border, the Itasca Bison Site, MN

  • C. Widga
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2014
Abstract The Itasca Bison site near the prairie-forest border in central Minnesota is important to understanding the cultural and ecological role of bison in the upper Midwest during the middle

Postglacial viability and colonization in North America’s ice-free corridor

The findings reveal that the first Americans, whether Clovis or earlier groups in unglaciated North America before 12.6 cal. kyr bp, are unlikely to have travelled by this route into the Americas, however, later groups may have used this north–south passageway.



Pleistocene Bison Skeleton (Bison bison cf. occidentalis) from Clayhurst Crossing, British Colombia

Remains of a large old male bison skeleton from a gravel pit near Clayhurst Crossing are tentatively referred to the extinct western bison (Bison bison cf. occidentalis). It is the most complete late

Late Pleistocene Camelops from the Gallelli Pit, Calgary, Alberta: morphology and geologic setting

A radiocarbon-dated gravel deposit in Calgary, Alberta, has yielded a large humerus referred to the extinct camelid, Camelops cf. hesternus. With a date of 11 300 ± 290 BP (RL-757) this is the first

Late quaternary vertebrates and the opening of the ice-free corridor, with special reference to the genusbison

  • M. Wilson
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 1996

Some Late Pleistocene Vertebrates from Western Oklahoma

Few Pleistocene vertebrates have been reported from western Oklahoma. This paper reports the discovery of fossils of two species of mammals. The specimens, an astragalus of a bison and the broken

Bison remains from a Lake Agassiz spit complex in the Swan River valley, Manitoba: depositional environment and paleoecological implications

Fossil bison remains have been recovered from gravels on an extensive spit complex situated between the Upper and Lower Campbell levels of Lake Agassiz in Swan River valley, western Manitoba. Three

Late Quaternary paleoenvironments of the Morley Flats and Kananaskis Valley of southwestern Alberta

A 3.1 m section of limnic sediment and peat from a bog on the Morley Flats and a 2.8 m section of limnic sediment from Wedge Lake in the Kananaskis Valley have yielded the first comprehensive late

Mammoths, Bison and Time in North America

Pleistocene Mammals from Gold Run Creek, Yukon Territory

Remains of thirteen species of mammals are reported from Pleistocene deposits at Gold Run Creek near Dawson, Yukon Territory. Eight of the thirteen species are extinct and two are no longer living in

Late Pleistocene Fauna of Lost Chicken Creek, Alaska

The fossil remains of one invertebrate and 16 vertebrate genera have been recovered from late Quaternary sediments of a large placer gold mine in east-central Alaska. Forty-six of 1055 fossils were

Bison Evolution and Zoogeography in North America During the Pleistocene

  • R. D. Guthrie
  • Environmental Science
    The Quarterly Review of Biology
  • 1970
Neither the "orthogenetic" nor the "wave" theory adequately accounts for the evolution of bison in North America; rather, the fossils can only be explained by a combination of invasions from Siberia and evolutionary changes that occurred in the new environment.