Late Mousterian Persistence near the Arctic Circle

@article{Slimak2011LateMP,
  title={Late Mousterian Persistence near the Arctic Circle},
  author={Ludovic Slimak and John Inge Svendsen and Jan Mangerud and H. Plisson and Herbj{\o}rn Presthus Heggen and Alexis Brug{\`e}re and Pavel Yurievich Pavlov},
  journal={Science},
  year={2011},
  volume={332},
  pages={841 - 845}
}
Artefacts at a site in the northern Urals dating to about 33,000 years ago suggest a last northern refuge of Neandertals. Palaeolithic sites in Russian high latitudes have been considered as Upper Palaeolithic and thus representing an Arctic expansion of modern humans. Here we show that at Byzovaya, in the western foothills of the Polar Urals, the technological structure of the lithic assemblage makes it directly comparable with Mousterian Middle Palaeolithic industries that so far have been… 
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Comment on “Late Mousterian Persistence near the Arctic Circle”
TLDR
The previous interpretation of this lithic assemblage from the northern site of Byzovaya (Russia) as falling within Early Upper Paleolithic variability remains the most parsimonious explanation; pending additional fossil discoveries, there is no evidence supporting the occurrence of Neandertals at these high latitudes.
New data for the Early Upper Paleolithic of Kostenki (Russia).
Animals and humans in the European Russian Arctic towards the end of the last Ice Age and during the mid‐Holocene time
Here, we present and discuss results from geo‐archaeological and palaeo‐zoological investigations at the Palaeolithic site Pymva Shor, in the Russian Arctic. As many as 3324 vertebrate fauna remains
First modern human settlement recorded in the Iberian hinterland occurred during Heinrich Stadial 2 within harsh environmental conditions
TLDR
A multi-proxy geoarchaeological, chronometric and paleoecological study on human–environment interactions based on the key site of Peña Capón shows that this site hosts the oldest modern human presence recorded to date in central Iberia, associated to pre-Solutrean cultural traditions around 26,000 years ago.
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