Late Colonization of Easter Island

  title={Late Colonization of Easter Island},
  author={Terry L. Hunt and Carl P. Lipo},
  pages={1603 - 1606}
Easter Island (Rapa Nui) provides a model of human-induced environmental degradation. A reliable chronology is central to understanding the cultural, ecological, and demographic processes involved. Radiocarbon dates for the earliest stratigraphic layers at Anakena, Easter Island, and analysis of previous radiocarbon dates imply that the island was colonized late, about 1200 A.D. Substantial ecological impacts and major cultural investments in monumental architecture and statuary thus began soon… 

Chronology in kaua'i : Colonisation, land use, demography

A study of the timing of island colonisation, the chronology of land use, and some implications for palaeodemography is presented with the help of compilation and publication of 272 radiocarbon dates

Disturbance Relicts in a Rapidly Changing World: The Rapa Nui (Easter Island) Factor

This study documents an assemblage of endemic arthropods that have persisted in Rapa Nui caves, despite a catastrophic ecological shift, overgrazing, and surface ecosystems dominated by invasive species.

Evidence for a Shorter Chronology on Rapa Nui (Easter Island)

ABSTRACT Archaeologists have long accepted a colonization date of between AD 400 and 800 for Rapa Nui based on few radiocarbon dates, lake-core results, and assumptions from historical linguistics. A

Contributions of paleoecology to Easter Island’s prehistory: A thorough review

  • V. Rull
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Quaternary Science Reviews
  • 2020
Abstract This chapter summarizes the most relevant paleoecological knowledge obtained during the three phases mentioned and its relevance for a better understanding of Easter Island’s prehistory,

Rethinking Easter Island's ecological catastrophe

The ethnohistory of freshwater use on Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile)

Sources of drinking water on islands often present critical constraints to human habitation. On Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile), there is remarkably little surface fresh water due to the nature of



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In a recent ANTIQUITY article (65: 767–95) Atholl Anderson presented a detailed analysis of radiocarbon dates to show that the settlement of New Zealand occurred later than previously thought. In

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New Radiocarbon Ages of Colonization Sites in East Polynesia

The archaeological chronology of initial human colonization in East Polynesia has relied substantially upon radiocarbon dating results from a small number of sites in the central region, notably Motu

Evidence for Late Polynesian Colonization of New Zealand: University of Waikato Radiocarbon Measurements

We present radiocarbon determinations for 271 New Zealand archaeological samples measured at the University of Waikato Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory between 1975 and 1995. A discard protocol is

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A message for our future? The Rapa Nui (Easter Island) ecodisaster and Pacific island environments

The unique archaeological remains of Rapa Nui (Easter Island) in conjunction with its geographical position have led to a special interest in this place. What has become the orthodox understanding of

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The Pacific Ocean covers one-third of the earth's surface and encompasses many thousands of islands, the home to numerous human societies and cultures. Among these indigenous Oceanic cultures are the

Shcal04 Southern Hemisphere Calibration, 0–11.0 Cal Kyr BP

Recent measurements on dendrochronologically-dated wood from the Southern Hemisphere have shown that there are differences between the structural form of the radiocarbon calibration curves from each

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The oldest dates on rat-gnawed seed cases from widely separated sites are consistent with the Pacific rat arriving at the same time as the initial human settlement of New Zealand in the thirteenth century AD, and not before, and lend no support to the argument for an earlier introduction of rats.