Late Colonization of Easter Island

@article{Hunt2006LateCO,
  title={Late Colonization of Easter Island},
  author={T. Hunt and C. Lipo},
  journal={Science},
  year={2006},
  volume={311},
  pages={1603 - 1606}
}
Easter Island (Rapa Nui) provides a model of human-induced environmental degradation. A reliable chronology is central to understanding the cultural, ecological, and demographic processes involved. Radiocarbon dates for the earliest stratigraphic layers at Anakena, Easter Island, and analysis of previous radiocarbon dates imply that the island was colonized late, about 1200 A.D. Substantial ecological impacts and major cultural investments in monumental architecture and statuary thus began soon… Expand
Chronology in kaua'i : Colonisation, land use, demography
A study of the timing of island colonisation, the chronology of land use, and some implications for palaeodemography is presented with the help of compilation and publication of 272 radiocarbon datesExpand
The 13th century polynesian colonization of Hawai'i Island
Abstract We assess 926 radiocarbon dates from Hawai’i Island, the largest assemblage of dates compiled from a single island in Oceania. Based on a classificatory approach that arranges the datesExpand
An island-wide assessment of the chronology of settlement and land use on Rapa Nui (Easter Island) based on radiocarbon data
The archaeological landscape on Rapa Nui (Easter Island) contains a palimpsest of surface archaeological features reflecting a long history of settlement and land use. The popular narrative ofExpand
Disturbance Relicts in a Rapidly Changing World: The Rapa Nui (Easter Island) Factor
TLDR
This study documents an assemblage of endemic arthropods that have persisted in Rapa Nui caves, despite a catastrophic ecological shift, overgrazing, and surface ecosystems dominated by invasive species. Expand
Evidence for a Shorter Chronology on Rapa Nui (Easter Island)
ABSTRACT Archaeologists have long accepted a colonization date of between AD 400 and 800 for Rapa Nui based on few radiocarbon dates, lake-core results, and assumptions from historical linguistics. AExpand
Vegetation changes and human settlement of Easter Island during the last millennia: a multiproxy study of the Lake Raraku sediments
Earlier palynological studies of lake sediments from Easter Island suggest that the island underwent a recent and abrupt replacement of palm-dominated forests by grasslands, interpreted as aExpand
Late Holocene vegetation dynamics and deforestation in Rano Aroi: Implications for Easter Island's ecological and cultural history
Abstract Easter Island (Rapa Nui) has been considered an example of how societies can cause their own destruction through the overexploitation of natural resources. The flagship of this ecocidalExpand
Contributions of paleoecology to Easter Island’s prehistory
Abstract This chapter summarizes the most relevant paleoecological knowledge obtained during the three phases mentioned and its relevance for a better understanding of Easter Island’s prehistory,Expand
Rethinking Easter Island's ecological catastrophe
Rapa Nui (Easter Island) has become a paragon for prehistoric human induced ecological catastrophe and cultural collapse. A popular narrative recounts an obsession for monumental statuary that led toExpand
The Ethnohistory of Freshwater Use on Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile)
Sources of drinking water on islands often present critical constraints to human habitation. On Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile), there is remarkably little surface fresh water due to the nature ofExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 24 REFERENCES
Late colonization of East Polynesia
In a recent A NTIQUITY article (65: 767–95) Atholl Anderson presented a detailed analysis of radiocarbon dates to show that the settlement of New Zealand occurred later than previously thought. InExpand
The chronology of colonization in New Zealand
New Zealand was the last substantial landmass to be colonized by prehistoric people. Even within Oceania, where there are much smaller and more remote islands, such as Pitcairn and Easter Island, NewExpand
Anomalous Radiocarbon Dates from Easter Island
The largest volcanic crater on Easter Island in the South Pacific contains a lake 1 km in diameter with large floating mats of vegetation, mainly Scirpus californicus. A core taken through a mat nearExpand
New Radiocarbon Ages of Colonization Sites in East Polynesia
The archaeological chronology of initial human colonization in East Polynesia has relied substantially upon radiocarbon dating results from a small number of sites in the central region, notably MotuExpand
Avifaunal Extinctions, Vegetation Change, and Polynesian Impacts in Prehistoric Hawai`i
TLDR
Data indicate that avian extinctions and extirpations were the result of habitat destruction in the form of lowland forest decline, with strong evidence that forest decline followed Polynesian colonization of Hawai`i but preceded dispersal, suggesting that direct human activity such as burning or gardening had nothing to do with the general decline. Expand
A message for our future? The Rapa Nui (Easter Island) ecodisaster and Pacific island environments
The unique archaeological remains of Rapa Nui (Easter Island) in conjunction with its geographical position have led to a special interest in this place. What has become the orthodox understanding ofExpand
On the Road of the Winds: An Archaeological History of the Pacific Islands before European Contact
The Pacific Ocean covers one-third of the earth's surface and encompasses many thousands of islands, the home to numerous human societies and cultures. Among these indigenous Oceanic cultures are theExpand
Evidence for late Polynesian colonization of New Zealand; University of Waikato radiocarbon measurements.
We present radiocarbon determinations for 271 New Zealand archaeological samples measured at the Univer-
Shcal04 Southern Hemisphere Calibration, 0–11.0 Cal Kyr BP
Recent measurements on dendrochronologically-dated wood from the Southern Hemisphere have shown that there are differences between the structural form of the radiocarbon calibration curves from eachExpand
Using rat-gnawed seeds to independently date the arrival of Pacific rats and humans in New Zealand
The Pacific rat (Rattus exulans) was transported throughout the south Pacific with voyaging humans. Thus, the earliest dated evidence of Pacific rat can be used to infer first human contact. UntilExpand
...
1
2
3
...