Last appearance of Homo erectus at Ngandong, Java, 117,000–108,000 years ago

@article{Rizal2019LastAO,
  title={Last appearance of Homo erectus at Ngandong, Java, 117,000–108,000 years ago},
  author={Yan Rizal and Kira E. Westaway and Yahdi Zaim and Gerrit D. van den Bergh and E. Authur Bettis and Michael J. Morwood and O. Frank Huffman and Rainer Gr{\"u}n and Renaud Joannes-Boyau and Richard M. Bailey and Sidarto and Michael C. Westaway and Iwan Kurniawan and Mark W. Moore and Michael Anthony Storey and Fachroel Aziz and Suminto and Jian-xin Zhao and Aswan and Maija E. Sipola and Roy R. Larick and John Paul Zonneveld and Robert Scott and Shelby S. J. Putt and Russell L. Ciochon},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2019},
  pages={1-5}
}
Homo erectus is the founding early hominin species of Island Southeast Asia, and reached Java (Indonesia) more than 1.5 million years ago1,2. Twelve H. erectus calvaria (skull caps) and two tibiae (lower leg bones) were discovered from a bone bed located about 20 m above the Solo River at Ngandong (Central Java) between 1931 and 19333,4, and are of the youngest, most-advanced form of H. erectus5–8. Despite the importance of the Ngandong fossils, the relationship between the fossils, terrace… 

Introgression, hominin dispersal and megafaunal survival in Late Pleistocene Island Southeast Asia

It is proposed that this understudied region may hold the key to unlocking significant chapters in Denisovan prehistory and is highlighted as a potential signature of deep, pre-H.

A Middle Pleistocene Denisovan molar from the Annamite Chain of northern Laos

The Pleistocene presence of the genus Homo in continental Southeast Asia is primarily evidenced by a sparse stone tool record and rare human remains. Here we report a Middle Pleistocene hominin

A multi-proxy approach to exploring Homo sapiens’ arrival, environments and adaptations in Southeast Asia

It is argued that this climate-driven shift offered new foraging opportunities for hominins in a novel rainforest environment and was most likely a key factor in the settlement and dispersal of the authors' species during MIS 4 in SE Asia.

Modelling the end of the Acheulean at global and continental levels suggests widespread persistence into the Middle Palaeolithic

The Acheulean is the longest cultural tradition ever practised by humans, lasting for over 1.5 million years. Yet, its end has never been accurately dated; only broad 300–150 thousand years ago (Kya)

Reconstructing cranial evolution in an extinct hominin

  • K. Baab
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the Royal Society B
  • 2021
This study revealed distinct evolutionary histories for frontal and occipital bone shape in H. erectus, with a larger role for natural selection in the former, probably reflecting different levels of genetic diversity and population history in these spatially disperse species.

Saatnya Menengok ke Barat: Sebuah Interpretasi Baru Tentang Distribusi Temuan Homo Erectus di Jawa

Paleontological data indicate that the beginning of Java Island’s occupation occurred at the Plio-Pleistocene boundary, around 2.4 Mya. However, the oldest Homo erectus fossil was found in Sangiran,

Constraining the chronology and ecology of Late Acheulean and Middle Palaeolithic occupations at the margins of the monsoon

This work investigates Palaeolithic occupations at the western margin of the South Asian monsoon at Singi Talav, undertaking new chronometric, sedimentological and palaeoecological studies of Acheulean and MiddlePalaeolithic occupation horizons.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 63 REFERENCES

The Age of the 20 Meter Solo River Terrace, Java, Indonesia and the Survival of Homo erectus in Asia

The age of the sites and hominins is at least bracketed between these estimates and is older than currently accepted, and may favor an African origin for recent humans who would overlap with H. erectus in time and space.

Latest Homo erectus of Java: Potential Contemporaneity with Homo sapiens in Southeast Asia

Electron spin resonance (ESR) and mass spectrometric U-series dating of fossil bovid teeth collected from the hominid-bearing levels at these sites gave mean ages of 27 ± 2 to 53.3 ± 4 thousand years ago; the range in ages reflects uncertainties in uranium migration histories.

Earliest known hominin activity in the Philippines by 709 thousand years ago

Stone tools and a disarticulated and butchered skeleton of Rhinoceros philippinensis, found in a securely dated stratigraphic context, indicate the presence of an unknown hominin population in the Philippines as early as 709 thousand years ago, which pushes back the proven period of colonization of the Philippines by hundreds of thousands of years.

Archaeology and age of a new hominin from Flores in eastern Indonesia

Dating by radiocarbon, luminescence, uranium-series and electron spin resonance methods indicates that H. floresiensis existed from before 38,000 years ago (kyr) until at least 18 kyr, and originated from an early dispersal of Homo erectus that reached Flores and then survived on this island refuge until relatively recently.

Further evidence for small-bodied hominins from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia

Additional H. floresiensis remains excavated from the cave in 2004 are described, demonstrating that LB1 is not just an aberrant or pathological individual, but is representative of a long-term population that was present during the interval 95–74 to 12 thousand years ago.

Hominins on Flores, Indonesia, by one million years ago

It is shown using 40Ar/39Ar dating that an ignimbrite overlying the artefact layers at Wolo Sege was erupted 1.02 ± Myr ago, providing a new minimum age for hominins on Flores, which predates the disappearance from the Soa Basin of ‘pygmy’ Stegodon sondaari and Geochelone spp.

An early modern human presence in Sumatra 73,000–63,000 years ago

Lida Ajer represents, to the authors' knowledge, the earliest evidence of rainforest occupation by AMH, and underscores the importance of reassessing the timing and environmental context of the dispersal of modern humans out of Africa.

Revised stratigraphy and chronology for Homo floresiensis at Liang Bua in Indonesia

New stratigraphic and chronological evidence from Liang Bua is reported that does not support the ages inferred previously for the H. floresiensis holotype, or the time of last appearance of this species.

Early Pleistocene 40Ar/39Ar ages for Bapang Formation hominins, Central Jawa, Indonesia

This work investigates the sedimentary framework and hornblende 40Ar/39Ar age for volcanic deposits in the southeast quadrant of the Sangiran dome, and identifies a sequence of sedimentary cycles in which H. erectus fossils are associated with epiclastic pumice.
...