Last Interglacial Climates

@article{Kukla2002LastIC,
  title={Last Interglacial Climates},
  author={George J. Kukla and Michael L Bender and Jacques‐Louis de Beaulieu and Gerard C. Bond and Wallace S. Broecker and Piet Cleveringa and Joyce E. Gavin and Timothy D. Herbert and John D Imbrie and Jean Jouzel and Lloyd D. Keigwin and K. L. Knudsen and Jerry F. McManus and Josef Merkt and Daniel R. Muhs and Helmut M{\"u}ller and Richard Z. Poore and Stephen C. Porter and Guy Seret and Nicholas John Shackleton and Charles Turner and Polychronis C. Tzedakis and Isaac Judah Winograd},
  journal={Quaternary Research},
  year={2002},
  volume={58},
  pages={2 - 13}
}
Abstract The last interglacial, commonly understood as an interval with climate as warm or warmer than today, is represented by marine isotope stage (MIS) 5e, which is a proxy record of low global ice volume and high sea level. It is arbitrarily dated to begin at approximately 130,000 yr B.P. and end at 116,000 yr B.P. with the onset of the early glacial unit MIS 5d. The age of the stage is determined by correlation to uranium–thorium dates of raised coral reefs. The most detailed proxy record… 
Early Last Interglacial environmental changes recorded by speleothems from Katerloch (south‐east Austria)
In the European Alps, the Last Interglacial (LIG, ~129–116 ka) has been primarily studied using pollen preserved in mires and lake sediments. These records document the vegetation succession across
Evidence for last interglacial chronology and environmental change from Southern Europe
TLDR
Warming into the first major interstadial event after the last interglacial is characterized by markedly different phase relationships to those of the deglaciations, warming at Monticchio coinciding with Antarctic warming and leading the atmospheric methane increase.
Towards a chronology of the Late Pleistocene in the northern Alpine Foreland
Dating results from terrestrial records in the northern foreland of the Alps have been compiled in order to establish an independent chronostratigraphy for the climate history of this region. U/Th
Intriguing climatic shifts in a 90 kyr old lake record from northern Russia
A 22 m long sediment core from Lake Yamozero on the Timan Ridge in northern Russia has provided evidence of intriguing climatic shifts during the last glacial cycle. An overall shallowing of the lake
Increased seasonality in Middle East temperatures during the last interglacial period
TLDR
From coral records and simulations with a coupled atmosphere–ocean circulation model, it is concluded that a tendency towards the high-index state of the North Atlantic Oscillation during the last interglacial period contributed to the larger amplitude of the seasonal cycle in the Middle East.
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References

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How long and how stable was the last interglacial
The Eemian Interglaciation in Northwestern Germany
Abstract Hundreds of small lakes became filled with Eemian deposits following the retreat of Saalian ice in northwestern Germany. Weakly expressed climate oscillations have been inferred from some
Eemian climate fluctuations observed in a European pollen record
RECENT ice-core data from Greenland1,2 suggest that the climate during the last interglacial period (the Eemian) was more unstable than that of the Holocene (about 10,000 years ago to the present),
High-resolution record of climate stability in France during the last interglacial period
TLDR
This study confirms that in southwestern Europe the last interglacial period was a time of climatic stability and is therefore still likely to represent a useful analogue for the present climate.
Abrupt end of the last interglacial s.s. in north-east France
Close study of past interglacials might indicate how and when the present interglacial will end and whether we are heading towards a warming or a cooling1,2. No certain prediction has been possible
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Reanalysis and additional dating of the Devils Hole δ18O paleotemperature record confirm that the last interglaciation in the Great Basin (the continental analog of marine isotopic substage 5e)
The Stability and the Abrupt Ending of the Last Interglaciation in Southeastern Siberia
Abstract Paleoproductivity records from Lake Baikal indicate that the last interglaciation in southeastern Siberia lasted ca. 12,000 yr from 127,000 to 115,000 yr B.P., was punctuated by a climatic
High-resolution climate records from the North Atlantic during the last interglacial
THE two deep ice cores recovered by the GRIP1 and GISP22 projects at Summit, Greenland, agree in detail over the past 100,000 years3 and demonstrate dramatic climate variability in the North Atlantic
Thermohaline Circulation and Prolonged Interglacial Warmth in the North Atlantic
Abstract Deep-sea sediment cores provide spatially coherent evidence for the climatic and hydrographic conditions in the subpolar North Atlantic during the last interglaciation. Taken together with
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