Laser therapy for upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma: indications and management.

@article{Bader2009LaserTF,
  title={Laser therapy for upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma: indications and management.},
  author={Markus Juergen Bader and Ronald Sroka and Christian Gratzke and Michael Seitz and Patrick Weidlich and Michael Staehler and Armin J. Becker and Christian G Stief and Oliver M Reich},
  journal={European urology},
  year={2009},
  volume={56 1},
  pages={65-71}
}
CONTEXT Ureteroscopically guided laser techniques are commonly used in the treatment of upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma (UUTT); however, there is an ongoing debate with regard to indication and management. OBJECTIVE To review the indication, feasibility, and treatment outcome of laser application for definitive endoscopic treatment of UUTT, focusing on technical aspects of different laser devices and their impact on tissue. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION PubMed and Medline were… CONTINUE READING