Laser lithotripsy of ureteral calculi

Abstract

A total of 149 patients with 152 ureteral stones were treated with intraureteral lithotripsy by Dye-laser (83.55%), Alexandrite-laser (41.27%), electrohydraulic lithotripsy adapted for use in the ureter (25.16%) or neodymium: YAG laser with optomechanic coupling (3.2%). The Dye-laser has an automatic pulse shut-off mechanism with spectral analysis of the… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/BF00301529

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