PURPOSE Laser thermal keratoplasty (LTK) has its main indication in the correction of hyperopia. However, regression of refractive effect following LTK is a limitation. Laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) may provide a good alternative to correct residual refractive errors. METHODS Fifty hyperopic eyes with varying amounts of regression after LTK underwent LASIK. The Chiron Automated Corneal Shaper microkeratome was used to make a flap of 160 microm and laser ablation was performed with the Technolas 217 Planoscan excimer laser. Postoperative follow-up was 6 months. RESULTS Mean spherical equivalent refraction improved from +2.92+/-1.60 D to +0.36+/-1.48 D. Mean best spectacle-corrected visual acuity changed from 0.78+/-0.14 before LASIK to 0.76+/-0.16 D 6 months after LASIK. Mean uncorrected visual acuity changed from 0.37+/-0.16 to 0.66+/-0.24. Forty-two percent (21 eyes) were within +/-0.50 D of intended correction, 60% (30 eyes) were within +/-1.00 D, and 76% (38 eyes) were within +/-2.00 D. After LASIK, confluent haze between previous LTK spots was observed in most eyes, as LASIK ablation took place at the sites of the LTK spots. CONCLUSIONS LASIK after LTK is a good alternative for hyperopic regression. Predictability and efficacy are less than with primary LASIK for hyperopia, but the procedure is equally safe.