Laser-guided direct writing for applications in biotechnology.

  title={Laser-guided direct writing for applications in biotechnology.},
  author={David J. Odde and Michael J. Renn},
  journal={Trends in biotechnology},
  volume={17 10},
Laser-induced optical forces can be used to guide and deposit 100 nm - 10 microm-diameter particles onto solid surfaces in a process we call 'laser-guided direct writing'. Nearly any particulate material, including both biological and electronic materials, can be manipulated and deposited on surfaces with micrometer accuracy. Potential applications include three-dimensional cell patterning for tissue engineering, hybrid biological-electronic-device construction, and biochip-array fabrication. 

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Microcircuits Electron. Packag

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