Laser Induced Plasmas in Liquid Water: From Single Pulse Breakdown to Repetitive Breakdown

  title={Laser Induced Plasmas in Liquid Water: From Single Pulse Breakdown to Repetitive Breakdown},
  author={R. Haydar},
Optical breakdown in water created by 10ns pulsed Nd:YAG laser operating at λ=1064 nm was studied. Spatial and temporal information was obtained with two intensified CCD cameras while spectral data were recorded using a time-integrating spectrometer. We have studied three water samples with different impurity content (ultrapure, distilled, and tap water) and followed the plasma evolution over a timespan of a few hundred nanoseconds. Images taken by the two synchronized cameras, systematically… 
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