The purpose of this study is to describe the clinical, anatomic and therapeutic aspects of laryngitis--pharyngeal cancers in Mali. It was a prospective, descriptive and cross sectional study which was help in the ORL and cervical facial department of the university hospital center Gabriel TOURE between April 2006 and March 2007. The study looked at 18 patients hospitalized for larynx or hypo pharynx cancer, diagnostic was confirmed histologically. The parameters (age, other favorable features, clinical signs, endoscopic aspect of the tumor, histological type and treatment type) have been analyzed. Men were the most affected (66.7%), with an average age of 58.17 year old. Chronic smoking has been the most evocated factor of risk (55.17) with an average consumation of 39.5 P/A. A delay in consultation was noticed (60% with a period greater than 1 year after the first symptoms appear). The burgeoning aspect (66.7%) end the carcinoma epidemic type of the tumor (94.7%) have dominated the anatomy pathologic table. Only 27.8% of patients had surgery because of late diagnosis.