Laryngeal dystonia: a series with botulinum toxin therapy.

@article{Blitzer1991LaryngealDA,
  title={Laryngeal dystonia: a series with botulinum toxin therapy.},
  author={Andrew Blitzer and Mitchell F. Brin},
  journal={The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology},
  year={1991},
  volume={100 2},
  pages={85-9}
}
Laryngeal dystonia is a syndrome characterized by action-induced, involuntary spasms of the laryngeal muscles. Most patients have involvement of the adductor laryngeal muscles producing uncontrolled spasms during phonation, and a "strain-strangle" speech pattern commonly termed "spastic dysphonia." Other patients have involvement of the abductor muscles producing "whispering dysphonia." Rare patients have paradoxical vocal cord motion during respiration with adductor spasms on inspiration. Over… CONTINUE READING

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