Larvicidal activity of lignans from Phryma leptostachya L. against Culex pipiens pallens

Abstract

The larvicidal activity of crude petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, and methanol extracts of the whole plants of Phryma leptostachya L. was assayed for its toxicity against the early fourth instar larvae of Culex pipiens pallens. The larval mortality was observed after 24 h of exposure. Among three solvent extracts from Phyrma leptostachya L., the petroleum ether extract exhibited the best larvicidal activity. The corresponding LC50 values of petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, and methanol extracts were 3.23, 5.23, and 61.86 ppm against the early fourth instar larvae of Culex pipiens pallens. The petroleum ether extract was successively subjected to column chromatography and preparative high performance liquid chromatography, and yielded the three lignans, phrymarolin-I, haedoxane A, and haedoxane E, which were isolated and identified as new mosquito larvicidal compounds. Phrymarolin-I, haedoxane A, and haedoxane E showed high larvicidal activity, for which the lethal doses LC50 were estimated at 1.21, 0.025, and 0.15 ppm against the early fourth instar larvae of Culex pipiens pallens, respectively. The structures were elucidated by analyses of IR, UV, MS, and NMR spectral data. This is the first report on the mosquito larvicidal activity of the three compounds, phrymarolin-I, haedoxane A, and haedoxane E from Phyrma leptostachya L.

DOI: 10.1007/s00436-011-2591-1

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@article{Xiao2011LarvicidalAO, title={Larvicidal activity of lignans from Phryma leptostachya L. against Culex pipiens pallens}, author={Xin-min Xiao and Zhao-nong Hu and Bao-jun Shi and Shao-peng Wei and Wen-jun Wu}, journal={Parasitology Research}, year={2011}, volume={110}, pages={1079-1084} }