Larval Development and Metamorphosis of Acanthaster planci (Asteroidea)

@article{Henderson1971LarvalDA,
  title={Larval Development and Metamorphosis of Acanthaster planci (Asteroidea)},
  author={J. Henderson and J. Lucas},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1971},
  volume={232},
  pages={655-657}
}
LITTLE is known of the factors influencing survival during the planktonic phase of Acanthaster planci (Linnaeus), the crown of thorns starfish, apart from an observation of fish eating newly released eggs1. But it is not surprising that this phase has been suggested as the cause of the recent plague of the animal in the Pacific2–4, for large females release many millions of eggs each spawning season1 and any factor which slightly reduces the mortality rate during planktonic life and settlement… Expand
Large-scale laboratory culture of the crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster planci (L.) (Echinodermata: Asteroidea)
TLDR
The techniques developed to culture large numbers of larvae and juveniles of the crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster planci were used to culture other species of asteroids and may be generally applicable to other echinoderms with planktotrophic larvae. Expand
Growth, maturation and effects of diet in Acanthasterplanci (L.) (Asteroidea) and hybrids reared in the laboratory
TLDR
There was a seasonal pattern of gonad development and spawning in these laboratory animals, where water temperature was the only apparent cue for this seasonality, and previous observations of the high susceptibility of growth rate and maximum size to diet in asteroids are supported. Expand
Quantitative studies of feeding and nutrition during larval development of the coral reef asteroid Acanthaster planci (L.)
TLDR
Feeding and ingestion rates of Acanthaster planet (L.) larvae were measured over 24-h periods at five concentrations of a unicellular alga, Dunaliella primolecta Butcher, suggesting that food is a major environmental influence on survival and development of A. planci larvae in these waters. Expand
DESCRIPTIONS OF THE LARVAE OF STICHASTER AUSTRALIS (VERRILL) AND COSCINASTERIAS CALAMARIA (GRAY) (ECHINODERMATA: ASTEROIDEA) FROM NEW ZEALAND, OBTAINED FROM LABORATORY CULTURE.
  • M. Barker
  • Biology, Medicine
  • The Biological bulletin
  • 1978
TLDR
Methods for the laboratory rearing of larvae of the starfishes Stichaster australis and Coscinasterias calamaria are described and the process of metamorphosis is very similar to that of other starfish species with indirect development. Expand
Artificial breeding and culture of the crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster planci (Linnaeus, 1758) larvae in China
TLDR
The diets used here are universal in larval rearing and easily obtainable, which guarantees constant supply of diets and thus largely increases the successful rate of the rearing. Expand
Larval survivorship and settlement of Crown-of-Thorns Starfish (Acanthaster cf. solaris) at varying algal cell densities
TLDR
Variation in larval survivorship and settlement rates for crown-of-thorns starfish larvae maintained at three different densities of a single-celled flagellate phytoplankton, Proteomonas sulcata is quantified. Expand
Observations on the settlement of the brachiolaria larvae of Stichaster australis (Verill) and Coscinasterias calamaria (Gray) (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) in the laboratory and on the shore
TLDR
The settling behaviour and substratum preferences of advances brachiolaria larvae of Stichaster australis and Coscinasterias calamaria were determined with larvae reared in the laboratory and the results correlated with field observations of habitat preferences of juvenile starfish at Maori Bay. Expand
Persistent and Transient Populations of the Crown-of-Thorns Starfish, Acanthaster Planci
TLDR
A simple model of the important processes influencing starfish population stability is developed and particular attention is drawn to the possible importance of persistent breeding populations of A. planci as sources of larvae initiating sequences of secondary outbreaks. Expand
Where should I settle? An investigation into the larval settlement patterns of Mesocentrotus franciscanus
The red sea urchin, Mesocentrotus franciscanus, is an ecologically and economically important species. Although there has been extensive work on the life of the adults, little work has been done onExpand
The thermal tolerance of crown-of-thorns (Acanthaster planci) embryos and bipinnaria larvae: implications for spatial and temporal variation in adult populations
TLDR
Short- or long-term temperature increases may not be a major modulator of the crown-of-thorns recruitment success, population dynamics and distribution in the future as no significant change in development rates, larval survival and growth occurred within this thermal window. Expand
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References

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Field and Laboratory Observations of the Crown-of-Thorns Starfish, Acanthaster planci: Densities of Acanthaster planci in the Pacific Ocean
Although there have been many reports of the large scale destruction of Pacific coral reefs by the crown-of-thorns starfish, Acanthaster planci, little is known about the starfish's ecology andExpand
Destruction of Pacific Corals by the Sea Star Acanthaster planci
TLDR
Direct observations on destruction of Guam's coral reefs indicate that narrow, fringing reefs may be killed as rapidly as 1 kilometer per month. Expand
REPRODUCTIVE and LARVAL ECOLOGY OF MARINE BOTTOM INVERTEBRATES
  • G. Thorson
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
  • 1950
TLDR
In analysing the ecological conditions of an animal population, the most sensitive stages within the life cycle of the animal are focused upon, that is, the period of breeding and larval development. Expand