Large-scale migration into Britain during the Middle to Late Bronze Age

@article{Patterson2021LargescaleMI,
  title={Large-scale migration into Britain during the Middle to Late Bronze Age},
  author={Nick J. Patterson and Michael Isakov and Thomas J. Booth and Lindsey B{\"u}ster and Claire-Elise Fischer and I{\~n}igo Olalde and Harald Ringbauer and Ali Akbari and Olivia Cheronet and Madeleine Bleasdale and Nicole Adamski and Eveline Altena and Rebecca Bernardos and Selina Brace and Nasreen Broomandkhoshbacht and Kimberly Callan and Francesca Candilio and Brendan J Culleton and Elizabeth Curtis and Lea Demetz and Kellie Sara Duffett Carlson and Daniel M. Fernandes and M. George B. Foody and Suzanne Freilich and Helen Goodchild and Aisling Kearns and Ann Marie Lawson and Iosif Lazaridis and Matthew Mah and Swapan Mallick and Kirsten Mandl and Adam Micco and Megan Michel and Guillermo Bravo Morante and Jonas Oppenheimer and Kadir T. {\"O}zdoğan and Lijun Qiu and Constanze Schattke and Kristin Stewardson and Jordan Workman and Fatma Zalzala and Zhao Zhang and Bibiana Agust{\'i} and Tim Allen and Katalin Alm{\'a}ssy and Luc Amkreutz and Abigail Ash and Christ{\`e}le Baillif-Ducros and Alistair Barclay and L{\'a}szl{\'o} Bartosiewicz and K. Baxter and Zsolt Bernert and J{\'a}n Bla{\vz}ek and Mario Bodru{\vz}i{\'c} and Philippe Boissinot and Clive Bonsall and Pippa Bradley and Marcus Brittain and Alison Brookes and Fraser Brown and Lisa Gottesfeld Brown and Richard Brunning and Chelsea Budd and Josip Burmaz and Sylvain Canet and Silvia Carnicero-C{\'a}ceres and Morana {\vC}au{\vs}evi{\'c}-Bully and Andrew Chamberlain and S{\'e}bastien Chauvin and Sharon Clough and Natalija {\vC}ondi{\'c} and Alfredo Coppa and Oliver E Craig and Matija {\vC}re{\vs}nar and Vicki Cummings and Szabolcs Czifra and Al{\vz}běta Danielisov{\'a} and Robin Daniels and Alex Davies and Philip de Jersey and J. C. A. Deacon and Csilla Deminger and Peter W Ditchfield and Marko Dizdar and Miroslav Dobe{\vs} and Milu{\vs}e Dobis{\'i}kov{\'a} and L{\'a}szl{\'o} Dombor{\'o}czki and Gail Drinkall and Anamaria Đuki{\'c} and Ceiridwen J. Edwards and Michal Ern{\'e}e and Christopher Evans and Jane Evans and Manuel Fern{\'a}ndez-G{\"o}tz and Slavica Filipovi{\'c} and Andrew P. Fitzpatrick and Harry Fokkens and Chris Fowler and Allison Fox and Zsolt Gallina and Michelle Gamble and Manuel R. Gonz{\'a}lez Morales and Borja Gonz{\'a}lez-Rabanal and Adrian Green and Katalin Gyenesei and Diederick Habermehl and Tam{\'a}s Hajdu and Derek Hamilton and James Rendel Harris and Chris Hayden and Joep Hendriks and B{\'e}n{\'e}dicte Hernu and G. L. Hey and Milan Horň{\'a}k and G{\'a}bor Ilon and E. Istv{\'a}novits and Andy M Jones and Martina Ble{\vc}i{\'c} Kavur and K{\'e}vin Kazek and Robert Kenyon and Amal Khreisheh and Vikt{\'o}ria Kiss and Jos Kleijne and Mark James Knight and Lisette M. Kootker and P{\'e}ter Kov{\'a}cs and Anita Kozubov{\'a} and Gabriella Kulcs{\'a}r and V Kulcs{\'a}r and Christophe Le Pennec and Michael Legge and Matt Leivers and Louise Loe and Olalla L{\'o}pez‐Costas and Tom C. Lord and D{\vz}eni Los and James Lyall and Ana B. Mar{\'i}n‐Arroyo and Philip Mason and Damir Mato{\vs}evi{\'c} and Andy Maxted and Lauren McIntyre and Jacqueline I. Mckinley and K. Mcsweeney and B.A.W. Meijlink and Bal{\'a}zs Guszt{\'a}v Mende and Marko Menđu{\vs}i{\'c} and Milan Metli{\vc}ka and Sophie Meyer and Kristina Mihovili{\'c} and Lidija Mila{\vs}inovi{\'c} and Stephen Minnitt and Joanna Moore and G. Morley and Graham J. Mullan and Margar{\'e}ta Musilov{\'a} and Benjamin Neil and R A Nicholls and Mario Novak and Maria Pala and Martin Papworth and C{\'e}cile Paresys and Ricky Patten and Domagoj Perki{\'c} and Krisztina Pesti and Alban Petit and Katar{\'i}na Petri{\vs}{\vc}{\'a}kov{\'a} and Coline Pichon and Catriona Pickard and Zolt{\'a}n Pilling and T. Douglas Price and Sini{\vs}a Radovi{\'c} and Rebecca Redfern and Branislav Resut{\'i}k and Daniel T. Rhodes and Martin B. Richards and Amy Roberts and Jean Roefstra and Pavel Sankot and Alena {\vS}ef{\vc}{\'a}kov{\'a} and Alison Sheridan and Sabine Skae and Mirka {\vS}molikov{\'a} and Krisztina Somogyi and {\'A}gnes Somogyv{\'a}ri and Mark Stephens and G{\'e}za Szab{\'o} and Anna Sz{\'e}cs{\'e}nyi-Nagy and Tam{\'a}s Szeniczey and John R. Tabor and K{\'a}roly Tank{\'o} and Clenis Tavarez Maria and Rachel L Terry and Biba Teržan and Maria Teschler-Nicola and Jes{\'u}s F. Torres-Mart{\'i}nez and Julien Trapp and Ross Turle and Ferenc Ujv{\'a}ri and Menno van der Heiden and Petr Velem{\'i}nsk{\'y} and Barbara Veselka and Zdeněk Vytla{\vc}il and Clive Waddington and Paula Ware and Paul Michael Wilkinson and Linda Wilson and Robert David Wiseman and Eilidh Young and Jo{\vs}ko Zaninovi{\'c} and Andrej Žitňan and Carles Lalueza-Fox and Peter de Knijff and Ian Barnes and Peter Halkon and Mark George Thomas and Douglas J. Kennett and Barry W. Cunliffe and Malcolm Lillie and Nadin Rohland and Ron Pinhasi and Ian Armit and David Reich},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2021},
  volume={601},
  pages={588-594}
}
Present-day people from England and Wales have more ancestry derived from early European farmers (EEF) than did people of the Early Bronze Age 1 . To understand this, here we generated genome-wide data from 793 individuals, increasing data from the Middle to the Late Bronze Age and Iron Age in Britain by 12-fold, and western and central Europe by 3.5-fold. Between 1000 and 875 bc , EEF ancestry increased in southern Britain (England and Wales) but not northern Britain (Scotland) due to… 
Population Genomics of Stone Age Eurasia
TLDR
This work provides new insights into major transformations in recent human evolution, elucidating the complex interplay between selection and admixture that shaped patterns of genetic variation in modern populations.
Direct detection of natural selection in Bronze Age Britain
TLDR
It is concluded that lack of vitamin D and consequent low calcium was consistently the most important selective pressure in Britain since the Bronze Age, and the strength of selection on individual loci varied substantially over time, suggesting that cultural or environmental factors moderated the genetic response to this pressure.
From Human Remains to Powerful Objects: Ancestor Research from a Deep-Time Perspective
Family history research has seen a surge in popularity in recent years; however, is this preoccupation with who we are and where we come from new? Archaeological evidence suggests that ancestors
Mapping the Mountains of Giants: Anthropometric Data from the Western Balkans Reveal a Nucleus of Extraordinary Physical Stature in Europe
Simple Summary The exceptional height of people from the karst area of the Dinaric mountain range has fascinated anthropologists since the end of the 19th century. However, after World War II, little
The challenge of detecting recent natural selection in human populations
  • M. Mills, I. Mathieson
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2022
TLDR
Very large datasets such as the UK Biobank have enabled researchers to look for selection that is extremely recent—on the timescale of decades—or even selection that has been ongoing.
Salorno—Dos de la Forca (Adige Valley, Northern Italy): A unique cremation site of the Late Bronze Age
The archaeological site of Salorno—Dos de la Forca (Bozen, Alto Adige) provides one of the rarest and most significant documentations of cremated human remains preserved from an ancient cremation
Mitochondrial DNA Consensus Calling and Quality Filtering for Constructing Ancient Human Mitogenomes: Comparison of Two Widely Applied Methods
TLDR
Overall, the schmutzi pipeline appeared to have the edge over the much faster and user-friendly alternative method (ANGSD) in moderate to high coverage samples (>1,000,000 reads).

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 58 REFERENCES
Iron Age and Anglo-Saxon genomes from East England reveal British migration history
TLDR
Using rarecoal, a new method, it is estimated that on average the contemporary East English population derives 38% of its ancestry from Anglo-Saxon migrations, while the Iron Age samples share ancestors with multiple Northern European populations including Britain.
Neolithic and Bronze Age migration to Ireland and establishment of the insular Atlantic genome
TLDR
The first ancient whole genomes from Ireland, including two at high coverage, demonstrate that large-scale genetic shifts accompanied both Neolithic and Bronze Age transitions, and suggest the establishment of central attributes of the Irish genome 4,000 y ago.
Massive migration from the steppe was a source for Indo-European languages in Europe
We generated genome-wide data from 69 Europeans who lived between 8,000–3,000 years ago by enriching ancient DNA libraries for a target set of almost 400,000 polymorphisms. Enrichment of these
Ancient genomes indicate population replacement in Early Neolithic Britain
TLDR
Genetic affinities with Iberian Neolithic individuals indicate that British Neolithic people were mostly descended from Aegean farmers who followed the Mediterranean route of dispersal, which infer considerable variation in pigmentation levels in Europe by circa 6000 bc.
The Beaker Phenomenon and the Genomic Transformation of Northwest Europe
TLDR
Genome-wide data from 400 Neolithic, Copper Age and Bronze Age Europeans is presented, finding limited genetic affinity between Beaker-complex-associated individuals from Iberia and central Europe, and excludes migration as an important mechanism of spread between these two regions.
An early modern human from Romania with a recent Neanderthal ancestor
TLDR
DNA from a 37,000–42,000-year-old modern human from Peştera cu Oase, Romania is analysed, finding that on the order of 6–9% of the genome of the Oase individual is derived from Neanderthals, more than any other modern human sequenced to date.
Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans
TLDR
It is shown that most present-day Europeans derive from at least three highly differentiated populations: west European hunter-gatherers, who contributed ancestry to all Europeans but not to Near Easterners; ancient north Eurasians related to Upper Palaeolithic Siberians; and early European farmers, who were mainly of Near Eastern origin but also harboured west Europeanhunter-gatherer related ancestry.
Celtic from the West 2 : rethinking the Bronze Age and the arrival of Indo-European in Atlantic Europe
This is the second volume emanating from an on-going project investigating the origins of the Celts and Celtic languages, claiming an Atlantic, and specifically Iberian, origin for both. This volume
Reconstructing Indian Population History
TLDR
It is predicted that there will be an excess of recessive diseases in India, which should be possible to screen and map genetically and is higher in traditionally upper caste and Indo-European speakers.
The genomic history of the Iberian Peninsula over the past 8000 years
TLDR
It is revealed that present-day Basques are best described as a typical Iron Age population without the admixture events that later affected the rest of Iberia, and how the ancestry of the peninsula was transformed by gene flow from North Africa and the eastern Mediterranean is document.
...
...