Large-scale migration into Britain during the Middle to Late Bronze Age

  title={Large-scale migration into Britain during the Middle to Late Bronze Age},
  author={Nick J. Patterson and Michael Isakov and Thomas J. Booth and Lindsey B{\"u}ster and Claire-Elise Fischer and I{\~n}igo Olalde and Harald Ringbauer and Ali Akbari and Olivia Cheronet and Madeleine Bleasdale and Nicole Adamski and Eveline Altena and Rebecca Bernardos and Selina Brace and Nasreen Broomandkhoshbacht and Kimberly Callan and Francesca Candilio and Brendan J Culleton and Elizabeth Curtis and Lea Demetz and Kellie Sara Duffett Carlson and Daniel M. Fernandes and M. George B. Foody and Suzanne Freilich and Helen Goodchild and Aisling Kearns and Ann Marie Lawson and Iosif Lazaridis and Matthew Mah and Swapan Mallick and Kirsten Mandl and Adam Micco and Megan Michel and Guillermo Bravo Morante and Jonas Oppenheimer and Kadir T. {\"O}zdoğan and Lijun Qiu and Constanze Schattke and Kristin Stewardson and Jordan Workman and Fatma Zalzala and Zhao Zhang and Bibiana Agust{\'i} and Tim Allen and Katalin Alm{\'a}ssy and Luc Amkreutz and Abigail Ash and Christ{\`e}le Baillif-Ducros and Alistair Barclay and L{\'a}szl{\'o} Bartosiewicz and K. Baxter and Zsolt Bernert and J{\'a}n Bla{\vz}ek and Mario Bodru{\vz}i{\'c} and Philippe Boissinot and Clive Bonsall and Pippa Bradley and Marcus Brittain and Alison Brookes and Fraser Brown and Lisa Gottesfeld Brown and Richard Brunning and Chelsea Budd and Josip Burmaz and Sylvain Canet and Silvia Carnicero-C{\'a}ceres and Morana {\vC}au{\vs}evi{\'c}-Bully and Andrew Chamberlain and S{\'e}bastien Chauvin and Sharon Clough and Natalija {\vC}ondi{\'c} and Alfredo Coppa and Oliver E Craig and Matija {\vC}re{\vs}nar and Vicki Cummings and Szabolcs Czifra and Al{\vz}běta Danielisov{\'a} and Robin Daniels and Alex Davies and Philip de Jersey and J. C. A. Deacon and Csilla Deminger and Peter W Ditchfield and Marko Dizdar and Miroslav Dobe{\vs} and Milu{\vs}e Dobis{\'i}kov{\'a} and L{\'a}szl{\'o} Dombor{\'o}czki and Gail Drinkall and Anamaria Đuki{\'c} and Ceiridwen J. Edwards and Michal Ern{\'e}e and Christopher Evans and Jane Evans and Manuel Fern{\'a}ndez-G{\"o}tz and Slavica Filipovi{\'c} and Andrew P. Fitzpatrick and Harry Fokkens and Chris Fowler and Allison Fox and Zsolt Gallina and Michelle Gamble and Manuel R. Gonz{\'a}lez Morales and Borja Gonz{\'a}lez-Rabanal and Adrian Green and Katalin Gyenesei and Diederick Habermehl and Tam{\'a}s Hajdu and Derek Hamilton and James Rendel Harris and Chris Hayden and Joep Hendriks and B{\'e}n{\'e}dicte Hernu and G. L. Hey and Milan Horň{\'a}k and G{\'a}bor Ilon and E. Istv{\'a}novits and Andy M Jones and Martina Ble{\vc}i{\'c} Kavur and K{\'e}vin Kazek and Robert Kenyon and Amal Khreisheh and Vikt{\'o}ria Kiss and Jos Kleijne and Mark James Knight and Lisette M. Kootker and P{\'e}ter Kov{\'a}cs and Anita Kozubov{\'a} and Gabriella Kulcs{\'a}r and V Kulcs{\'a}r and Christophe Le Pennec and Michael Legge and Matt Leivers and Louise Loe and Olalla L{\'o}pez‐Costas and Tom C. Lord and D{\vz}eni Los and James Lyall and Ana B. Mar{\'i}n‐Arroyo and Philip Mason and Damir Mato{\vs}evi{\'c} and Andy Maxted and Lauren McIntyre and Jacqueline I. Mckinley and K. Mcsweeney and B.A.W. Meijlink and Bal{\'a}zs Guszt{\'a}v Mende and Marko Menđu{\vs}i{\'c} and Milan Metli{\vc}ka and Sophie Meyer and Kristina Mihovili{\'c} and Lidija Mila{\vs}inovi{\'c} and Stephen Minnitt and Joanna Moore and G. Morley and Graham J. Mullan and Margar{\'e}ta Musilov{\'a} and Benjamin Neil and R A Nicholls and Mario Novak and Maria Pala and Martin Papworth and C{\'e}cile Paresys and Ricky Patten and Domagoj Perki{\'c} and Krisztina Pesti and Alban Petit and Katar{\'i}na Petri{\vs}{\vc}{\'a}kov{\'a} and Coline Pichon and Catriona Pickard and Zolt{\'a}n Pilling and T. Douglas Price and Sini{\vs}a Radovi{\'c} and Rebecca Redfern and Branislav Resut{\'i}k and Daniel T. Rhodes and Martin B. Richards and Amy Roberts and Jean Roefstra and Pavel Sankot and Alena {\vS}ef{\vc}{\'a}kov{\'a} and Alison Sheridan and Sabine Skae and Mirka {\vS}molikov{\'a} and Krisztina Somogyi and {\'A}gnes Somogyv{\'a}ri and Mark Stephens and G{\'e}za Szab{\'o} and Anna Sz{\'e}cs{\'e}nyi-Nagy and Tam{\'a}s Szeniczey and John R. Tabor and K{\'a}roly Tank{\'o} and Clenis Tavarez Maria and Rachel L Terry and Biba Teržan and Maria Teschler-Nicola and Jes{\'u}s F. Torres-Mart{\'i}nez and Julien Trapp and Ross Turle and Ferenc Ujv{\'a}ri and Menno van der Heiden and Petr Velem{\'i}nsk{\'y} and Barbara Veselka and Zdeněk Vytla{\vc}il and Clive Waddington and Paula Ware and Paul Michael Wilkinson and Linda Wilson and Robert David Wiseman and Eilidh Young and Jo{\vs}ko Zaninovi{\'c} and Andrej Žitňan and Carles Lalueza-Fox and Peter de Knijff and Ian Barnes and Peter Halkon and Mark George Thomas and Douglas J. Kennett and Barry W. Cunliffe and Malcolm Lillie and Nadin Rohland and Ron Pinhasi and Ian Armit and David Reich},
Present-day people from England and Wales have more ancestry derived from early European farmers (EEF) than did people of the Early Bronze Age 1 . To understand this, here we generated genome-wide data from 793 individuals, increasing data from the Middle to the Late Bronze Age and Iron Age in Britain by 12-fold, and western and central Europe by 3.5-fold. Between 1000 and 875 bc , EEF ancestry increased in southern Britain (England and Wales) but not northern Britain (Scotland) due to… 
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