Large loss of CO2 in winter observed across the northern permafrost region

@article{Natali2019LargeLO,
  title={Large loss of CO2 in winter observed across the northern permafrost region},
  author={Susan M. Natali and Jennifer D. Watts and Brendan M. Rogers and Stefano Potter and Sarah M. Ludwig and Anne-Katrin Selbmann and Patrick F. Sullivan and Benjamin W. Abbott and Kyle A. Arndt and Leah Birch and Mats P. Björkman and Anthony A. Bloom and Gerardo Celis and Torben R{\o}jle Christensen and Casper T. Christiansen and R{\'o}is{\'i}n Commane and Elisabeth J. Cooper and Patrick M. Crill and Claudia I. Czimczik and Sergey P. Davydov and Jinyang Du and Jocelyn E. Egan and Bo Elberling and Eug{\'e}nie S. Euskirchen and Thomas Friborg and H{\'e}l{\`e}ne Genet and Mathias G{\"o}ckede and Jordan P. Goodrich and Paul Grogan and Manuel Helbig and Elchin E. Jafarov and Julie D. Jastrow and Aram Kalhori and Yongwon Kim and John S. Kimball and Lars Kutzbach and Mark Jason Lara and Klaus Steenberg Larsen and Bang Yong Lee and Zhihua Liu and Michael M. Loranty and Magnus Lund and Massimo Lupascu and Nima Madani and Avni Malhotra and Roser Matamala and Jack W. McFarland and A. David McGuire and Anders Michelsen and Christina Minions and Walter C. Oechel and David Olefeldt and Frans‐Jan W. Parmentier and Norbert Pirk and Benjamin I Poulter and William L. Quinton and Fereidoun Rezanezhad and David Risk and Torsten Sachs and Kevin M. Schaefer and Niels Martin Schmidt and Edward. A.G. Schuur and Philipp Robert Semenchuk and Gaius R. Shaver and Oliver Sonnentag and Gregory Starr and Claire C. Treat and Mark P. Waldrop and Yihui Wang and Jeffrey M. Welker and Christian Wille and Xiaofeng Xu and Zhen Zhang and Qianlai Zhuang and Donatella Zona},
  journal={Nature climate change},
  year={2019},
  volume={9},
  pages={852 - 857}
}
Recent warming in the Arctic, which has been amplified during the winter1–3, greatly enhances microbial decomposition of soil organic matter and subsequent release of carbon dioxide (CO2)4. However, the amount of CO2 released in winter is not known and has not been well represented by ecosystem models or empirically based estimates5,6. Here we synthesize regional in situ observations of CO2 flux from Arctic and boreal soils to assess current and future winter carbon losses from the northern… 

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