Large inequality in international and intranational energy footprints between income groups and across consumption categories

@article{Oswald2020LargeII,
  title={Large inequality in international and intranational energy footprints between income groups and across consumption categories},
  author={Yannick Oswald and Anne Owen and Julia K. Steinberger},
  journal={Nature Energy},
  year={2020},
  volume={5},
  pages={231-239}
}
Inequality in energy consumption, both direct and indirect, affects the distribution of benefits that result from energy use. Detailed measures of this inequality are required to ensure an equitable and just energy transition. Here we calculate final energy footprints; that is, the energy embodied in goods and services across income classes in 86 countries, both highly industrialized and developing. We analyse the energy intensity of goods and services used by different income groups, as well… 

Global redistribution of income and household energy footprints: a computational thought experiment

Non-technical summary Global income inequality and energy consumption inequality are related. High-income households consume more energy than low-income ones, and for different purposes. Here, we

The Nonlinear Dependence of Income Inequality and Carbon Emissions: Potentials for a Sustainable Future

High levels of carbon emissions and rising income inequality are interconnected challenges for the global society. Commonly-applied linear regression models fail to unravel the complexity of

Income and expenditure elasticity of household carbon footprints. Some methodological considerations

The income and expenditure elasticity of household carbon footprints (HCF) is a recurrent summary measure of the social stratification of greenhouse gas emissions. In top-downestimates, when

The unequal distribution of household carbon footprints in Europe and its link to sustainability

Non-technical summary The distribution of household carbon footprints is largely unequal within and across countries. Here, we explore household-level consumption data to illustrate the distribution

The dependence between income inequality and carbon emissions: A distributional copula analysis.

High levels of carbon emissions and rising income inequality are interconnected challenges for the global society. Commonly-applied linear regression models fail to unravel the complexity of

Global Carbon Inequality, 1990-2019 The Impact of Wealth Concentration on the Distribution of World Emissions

All humans contribute to climate change but not in the same proportions. This paper estimates the global inequality of individual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions between 1990 and 2019, using a newly

The Relationship Between Income Inequality and Energy Consumption: A Pareto Optimal Approach

This paper analyzes the relationship between income distribution and energy consumption from a Pareto optimal approach. For this purpose, the causality relationship between electricity consumption

Household final energy footprints in Nepal, Vietnam and Zambia: composition, inequality and links to well-being

The link between energy use, social and environmental well-being is at the root of critical synergies between clean and affordable energy (SDG7) and other Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 81 REFERENCES

Global carbon inequality

Global climate change and inequality are inescapably linked both in terms of who contributes climate change and who suffers the consequences. This fact is also partly reflected in two United Nations

Environmental Impact Assessment of Household Consumption

We analyze the environmental impact of household consumption in terms of the material, water, and land‐use requirements, as well as greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, associated with the production and

Global Inequality in Energy Consumption from 1980 to 2010

TLDR
The global probability distribution of energy consumption per capita in 2010 is close to the exponential distribution with G=0.5, which is attributed to the globalization of the world economy, which mixes the world and brings it closer to the state of maximal entropy.

The Elephant Curve of Global Inequality and Growth

The dynamics of global inequality have attracted growing attention in recent years. However, we still know relatively little about how the distribution of global income is evolving. Income inequality

What Is Energy For? Social Practice and Energy Demand

Energy has an ambivalent status in social theory, variously figuring as a driver or an outcome of social and institutional change, or as something that is woven into the fabric of society itself. In

Pathways of human development and carbon emissions embodied in trade

how the relationship between human development and carbon changes when we adjust national emission rates for trade. Without such adjustment of emissions, some nations seem to be getting far better
...