Large arteries in hypertension: heterogeneous haemodynamic response to beta-adrenoceptor antagonists with and without intrinsic sympathomimetic activity.

Abstract

1. Hypertension is associated with a distension of the large arteries and consequently a marked reduction in arterial compliance, which does not result merely from the mechanical effects of elevated arterial pressure but also from early functional and/or structural changes in the arterial walls. This suggests that one of the aims of antihypertensive therapy should be to reverse these arterial abnormalities in the hope of protecting the patient from the atherosclerotic complications of hypertension. 2. Studies have been carried out to compare the effects of equieffective antihypertensive doses of pindolol and propranolol on the arterial circulation in patients suffering from essential hypertension. After 3 months therapy pindolol produced a dilatation of the brachial artery with an increase in arterial compliance and blood flow. In contrast, propranolol, despite comparable antihypertensive effects, did not influence brachial artery circulation. 3. These different effects on the arterial circulation presumably reflect the differing pharmacological properties of the two beta-adrenoceptor antagonists and suggest that the intrinsic sympathomimetic activity of pindolol may be responsible for the qualitative differences in the arterial responses to the two drugs. 4. The results reviewed here reveal that even when two drugs of the same class are used to treat patients with essential hypertension the effects of these agents on arterial haemodynamics can vary greatly and are unrelated to the degree of blood pressure lowering. Thus, pindolol, in contrast to propranolol, not only lowers blood pressure but also reverses some of the changes in arterial haemodynamics which are characteristic of hypertensive disease.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Cite this paper

@article{Simon1987LargeAI, title={Large arteries in hypertension: heterogeneous haemodynamic response to beta-adrenoceptor antagonists with and without intrinsic sympathomimetic activity.}, author={A . C . Simon and Juan Ariel Levenson and Isabelle Pithois-Merli}, journal={British journal of clinical pharmacology}, year={1987}, volume={24 Suppl 1}, pages={45S-49S} }