Large Metropolises in the Third World: An Explanation

  title={Large Metropolises in the Third World: An Explanation},
  author={Olga Alonso-Villar},
  journal={Urban Studies},
  pages={1359 - 1371}
In this paper, we have developed a model that sets out to explain the existence of megacities in developing countries, in the context of a Krugman-type core-periphery model. The paper also suggests that agglomeration can be fostered by manufacturers mainly serving the domestic market. However, the analysis goes further by emphasising that megacities are not only the result of protective trade policies, but also the consequence of the relative position of a country, in terms of industrialisation… Expand

Figures from this paper

EU Enlargement and the Internal Geography of Countries
This paper focuses on the relation between trade openness and the location of economicactivity in a country. The problematic lies in the context of the EU enlargement process and ofits impact on theExpand
Regional Integration and International Economic Geography in the Portuguese Case - an update
The effects of the reduction of international trading costs on the internal economic geography of each country have been very scarcely studied in empirical terms. With data for Portugal since itsExpand
Foreign trade, local protectionism and industrial location in China
In this paper, we find that, in China, geographical changes of industrial bases in the 1980s had led to a slight drop in the extent of specialization and location imbalance, but in 1990s theExpand
An application forArgentina
Economic activity in Argentina shows a high degree of concentration, in 1993 almost 46% of GDP was generated in an area representing just 0.14% of the country. When looking at the manufacturingExpand
Regional Integration and Internal Economic Geography - an Empirical Evaluation with Portuguese Data
The effects of the reduction of international trade costs on the internal economic geography of a country have been very scarcely studied in empirical terms. With data for Portugal since its adhesionExpand
Towards a Multiregional NEG Framework: Comparing Alternative Modelling Strategies
This chapter reviews the New Economic Geography (NEG) models that explain the uneven distribution of economic activity across space employing endogenous agglomeration processes, and the interplay ofExpand
In this paper, we test empirically for the increasing returns-based agglomeration and investigate the impact of the economic integration with the European Union on regional wage inequalities inExpand
Economic integration and agglomeration in a customs union in the presence of an outside region
New Economic Geography (NEG) models do not typically account for the presence of regions other than the ones involved in the integration process. We explore such a possibility in a FootlooseExpand
Exploring the Trade–Urbanization Nexus in Developing Economies: Evidence and Implications
Developing countries have seen a rapid rise in population urbanization in the past decades. At the same time, they have participated actively in the process of globalization. However, possibleExpand
The Long Run Interplay Between Trade Policy and the Location of Economic Activity in Brazil Revisited
This paper addresses the question of whether further trade liberalization in Brazil may exert some influence on its already heterogeneous economic landscape. This is a rather relevant issue for theExpand


Trade Policy and the Third World Metropolis
Many of the world's largest cities are now in developing countries. We develop a simple theoretical model, inspired by the case of Mexico, that explains the existence of such giant cities as aExpand
Spatial distribution of production and international trade
In this paper we have developed a monopolistic competition model that explains the sizes and locations of cities as a consequence of centrifugal and centripetal forces. Our interest is to present aExpand
Spatial distribution of production and international trade: a note
Abstract In this note I present a monopolistic competition model by which I wish to explain the sizes and locations of cities in a context of urban societies. To do this, I extend Krugman and LivasExpand
Urbanization patterns: European versus less developed countries.
  • D. Puga
  • Economics, Medicine
  • Journal of regional science
  • 1998
A model in which the interaction between transport costs, increasing returns to scale, and labor migration across sectors and regions creates a tendency for urban agglomeration is developed. Expand
Trade and Circuses: Explaining Urban Giants
Using theory, case studies, and cross-country evidence, we investigate the factors behind the concentration of a nation's urban population in a single city. High tariffs, high costs of internalExpand
Metropolitan areas and public infrastructure
In this paper we attempt to explain the formation of cities in a context of metropolitan areas in which farmers do not play any role and where congestion costs appear as an important factor for theExpand
Increasing Returns and Economic Geography
This paper develops a simple model that shows how a country can endogenously become differentiated into an industrialized "core" and an agricultural "periphery." In order to realize scale economiesExpand
Monopolistic competition and urban systems
One of the most notable phenomena in the recent world economy is that it is becoming increasingly borderless. For example, the twelve countries of the EC are supposed to complete the formation of anExpand
Economic integration, intraindustry trade, and frontier regions
Abstract In this paper, I examine how economic integration between the United States and Mexico has affected the location of economic activity in the United States. Using a data set on economicExpand
Spatial Distribution of Production and Education
There is no doubt that people like to migrate to large cities because they can acquire a wider range of products and jobs, but also because they can exchange information and ideas in an easier way.Expand