Laparoscopy assisted endoscopy (LAE) to define the lower extent of obstructive hypopharyngeal cancer

Abstract

Introduction: Gastric neurostimulator implantation is one of the recent advances in the management of refractory gastroparesis. During the procedure electrodes are inserted into the muscular layer of the stomach. Care is taken to avoid penetration of the mucosa. Endoscopy and intra-operative surface ultrasound confirm positioning of the electrode. The… (More)
DOI: 10.1111/j.1572-0241.2000.03010.x

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