Laparoscopic versus open nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma?

@article{Taari2004LaparoscopicVO,
  title={Laparoscopic versus open nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma?},
  author={Kimmo Taari and Ilkka Perttil{\"a} and Harry Nis{\'e}n},
  journal={Scandinavian journal of surgery : SJS : official organ for the Finnish Surgical Society and the Scandinavian Surgical Society},
  year={2004},
  volume={93 2},
  pages={
          132-6
        }
}
Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy has become a well-standardized and reproducible, but technically demanding procedure. It is rapidly replacing the traditional open technique in radical nephrectomy with T1-2 tumours. Open operation will mainly be reserved for T3 tumours. Nephron-sparing surgery will play a major role in small (<4 cm) peripheral tumours. Open technique is still the standard for NSS, but with the refined techniques, laparoscopy may be soon coming. 
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