Laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for clinical stage I nonseminomatous germ cell testicular tumors.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES To assess retrospectively whether laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) in patients with clinical Stage I nonseminomatous germ cell testicular tumor (NSGCT) provides useful pathologic staging information on which subsequent management can be based. Approximately 30% of patients with clinical Stage I NSGCT will have pathologic… (More)

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