Laparoscopic procedures in adults with ventriculoperitoneal shunts.

Abstract

Until recently, the presence of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) was considered an absolute contraindication to laparoscopy. In some cases, intraabdominal insufflation causes a rapid, sustained increase in intracranial pressure (ICP). Such intracranial hypertension may result in hindbrain herniation. To prevent this, the use of lower abdominal pressures… (More)

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