The laparoscopic approach to myomectomy has raised questions about the risk of uterine rupture in patients who become pregnant following surgery. It has been suggested that the rupture outside labour in pregnancies following laparoscopic myomectomy can be due to the difficulty of suturing or to the presence of a haematoma or to the wide use of radio frequencies. In this paper we describe the pregnancy outcome of 54 patients submitted to laparoscopic myomectomy at our Institution and prospectively followed during subsequent pregnancies. A total of 202 patients underwent laparoscopic myomectomy. A total of 65 pregnancies occurred in 54 patients who became pregnant following surgery. Data were collected about complications of pregnancy, mode of delivery, gestational age at delivery and birthweight of the neonates. No cases of uterine rupture occurred. Twenty-one pregnancies followed an IVF procedure. Nine patients conceived twice and one three times. Four multiple pregnancies occurred. Eight pregnancies resulted in a first trimester miscarriage and another in an interstitial pregnancy requiring laparotomic removal of the cornual gestational sac. Of the remaining 56 pregnancies, 51 (91%) were uneventful. In two cases a cerclage was performed at 16 weeks. In two cases pregnancy-induced hypertension developed. Two pregnancies ended with a preterm labour (26-36 weeks). A Caesarean section was performed in 45 cases (54/57, 80%). In terms of the safety of laparoscopic myomectomy in patients who become pregnant following surgery, our results were encouraging. However, further studies are needed to provide reliable data on the risk factors and the true incidence of uterine rupture.