Laparoscopic cryoablation under sonographic guidance for the treatment of small renal tumors.

@article{Moon2004LaparoscopicCU,
  title={Laparoscopic cryoablation under sonographic guidance for the treatment of small renal tumors.},
  author={Timothy D. Moon and Fred T. Lee and Sean P. Hedican and Patrick S Lowry and Stephen Y. Nakada},
  journal={Journal of endourology},
  year={2004},
  volume={18 5},
  pages={436-40}
}
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound-guided laparoscopic cryoablation of small renal tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eleven men and five women with solid renal tumors (mean size 2.6 cm) were treated using laparoscopically monitored cryoablation between October 2000 and October 2002. Nine tumors were left sided and seven right. Ten patients were treated retroperitoneoscopically and six transperitoneally. A double-freeze/active-thaw technique was utilized with two 10-minute freeze cycles… CONTINUE READING

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