Laparoscopic cholangiography. Results and indications.

  title={Laparoscopic cholangiography. Results and indications.},
  author={John L. Flowers and Karl A. Zucker and Scott M. Graham and William A Scovill and Anthony L. Imbembo and Robert W. Bailey},
  journal={Annals of surgery},
  volume={215 3},
One hundred sixty-five operative cholangiograms were attempted in 364 patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (45%). Laparoscopic cholangiography was successful in 150 of 165 attempts (91%). Eighty-nine per cent of studies were normal (134/150) and 11% were abnormal (16/150). All 134 patients with normal cholangiograms remained asymptomatic (false-negative rate, 0%). False-positive studies occurred in 3 of 150 (2%) total cholangiograms and 3 of 12 (25%) abnormal cholangiograms… CONTINUE READING


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