Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding in adolescents: Results at two years including psychosocial aspects.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Obesity now affects 3%-4% of the pediatric population and contributes to the increase in cardiac mortality in adulthood. Bariatric surgery is the best treatment for weight loss and the obesity-associated comorbidities in adults. We report here our experience of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) in adolescents. METHODS The medical charts of the first 16 patients operated on in our center were reviewed. Data were compiled concerning weight loss, physical and biological comorbidities, health-related quality of life (QOL) and surgical complications before surgery and during 24months of follow-up. RESULTS The maximal pre-operative median body mass index was 43.0kg·m(-2), decreasing to 33.0kg·m(-2) at 2years post-LAGB, which corresponded to a 49.2% excess body weight loss (p<0.001). Most comorbidities (glucose intolerance, hypertension and sleep apnea) resolved within the first year post-LAGB and QOL was improved on the PedsQL™ scales. No severe surgical complications were noted, with only three re-interventions for device failure (2) or band removal (1). CONCLUSION LAGB is well tolerated in adolescents and shows a beneficial impact on weight loss and obesity-related comorbidities. Associated with global management, it may have a positive impact on patients' QOL and social and psychological status.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2015.08.057

Cite this paper

@article{Schmitt2016LaparoscopicAG, title={Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding in adolescents: Results at two years including psychosocial aspects.}, author={Françoise Schmitt and Elise Riquin and Marion Beaumesnil and Micka{\"{e}l Dinomais and Philippe A Topart and D. Weil and Jean Malka and R{\'e}gis Coutant and Guillaume Podevin and Natacha Bouhours-Nouet}, journal={Journal of pediatric surgery}, year={2016}, volume={51 3}, pages={403-8} }