Laparoscopic Surgery: A Narrative Review of Pharmacotherapy in Pain Management

  title={Laparoscopic Surgery: A Narrative Review of Pharmacotherapy in Pain Management},
  author={Sari Sj{\"o}vall and Merja Kokki and Hannu Kokki},
Laparoscopic surgery is widespread, and an increasing number of surgeries are performed laparoscopically. Early pain after laparoscopy can be similar or even more severe than that after open surgery. Thus, proactive pain management should be provided. Pain after laparoscopic surgery is derived from multiple origins; therefore, a single agent is seldom sufficient. Pain is most effectively controlled by a multimodal, preventive analgesia approach, such as combining opioids with non-opioid… CONTINUE READING


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