Laonastes and the "Lazarus Effect" in Recent Mammals

@article{Dawson2006LaonastesAT,
  title={Laonastes and the "Lazarus Effect" in Recent Mammals},
  author={Mary R. Dawson and Laurent Marivaux and Chuan-Kui Li and K. Christopher Beard and Gr{\'e}goire M{\'e}tais},
  journal={Science},
  year={2006},
  volume={311},
  pages={1456 - 1458}
}
The living Laotian rodent Laonastes aenigmamus, first described in early 2005, has been interpreted as the sole member of the new family Laonastidae on the basis of its distinctive morphology and apparent phylogenetic isolation from other living rodents. Here we show that Laonastes is actually a surviving member of the otherwise extinct rodent family Diatomyidae, known from early Oligocene to late Miocene sites in Pakistan, India, Thailand, China, and Japan. Laonastes is a particularly striking… 

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...

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Range: early Oligocene to Recent, Asia. Diagnosis: rodents having hystricomorphous infraorbital foramen and sciurognathous mandible

  • Current content: type genus Diatomys (3), Fallomus (4), Willmus (10), and Laonastes