Language-tree divergence times support the Anatolian theory of Indo-European origin

  title={Language-tree divergence times support the Anatolian theory of Indo-European origin},
  author={Russell David Gray and Quentin D. Atkinson},
Languages, like genes, provide vital clues about human history. The origin of the Indo-European language family is “the most intensively studied, yet still most recalcitrant, problem of historical linguistics”. Numerous genetic studies of Indo-European origins have also produced inconclusive results. Here we analyse linguistic data using computational methods derived from evolutionary biology. We test two theories of Indo-European origin: the ‘Kurgan expansion’ and the ‘Anatolian farming… 
Mapping the Origins and Expansion of the Indo-European Language Family
Both the inferred timing and root location of the Indo-European language trees fit with an agricultural expansion from Anatolia beginning 8000 to 9500 years ago, which supports the suggestion that the origin of the language family was indeed Anatolia 7 to 10 thousand years ago—contemporaneous with the spread of agriculture.
A Phylogenetic Analysis of Stable Structural Features in West African Languages
1.IntroductionNorthern sub-Saharan western Africa ("West Africa") is known for its great linguistic diversity, and also for its unclear linguistic past. Dating back to the 19th century, lexical
Ancestry-constrained phylogenetic analysis supports the Indo-European steppe hypothesis
A phylogenetic analysis in which ancestry constraints permit more accurate inference of rates of change, based on observed changes between ancient or medieval languages and their modern descendants, shows that lexical traits undergo recurrent evolution due to recurring patterns of semantic and morphological change.
Classification of the Indo-European Languages Using a Phylogenetic Network Approach
A method of horizontal gene transfer detection (HGT) detection (Makarenkov et al. 2006) is proposed to apply to reconstruct a phylogenetic network depicting the evolution of the IE language family to ensure that only a network model can adequately represent the evolutionof the IE languages.
Bayesian phylogenetic analysis supports an agricultural origin of Japonic languages
The results indicate that Japonic languages descended from a common ancestor approximately 2182 years ago, and suggest that the first farmers of Japan had a profound impact on the origins of both people and languages.
DNA Genealogy and Linguistics. Ancient Europe
This article attempts to merge the data of contemporary linguistics and DNA genealogy in order to describe the migrations and settlement of peoples and languages in Europe after the last Ice Age by identifying three important groups of players: Aryans, Arbins, and Kurgan theory and Palaeolithic Continuity Theory.
How Accurate and Robust Are the Phylogenetic Estimates of Austronesian Language Relationships?
The results show that the Austronesian language phylogenies are highly congruent with the traditional subgroupings, and the date estimates are robust even when calculated using a restricted set of historical calibrations.
Recent studies in language prehistory with special reference to South Asia
The idea that languages and genes have correlated evolutionary paths was observed at least since Darwin (1871). The recent advances in genetics and comparative linguistics have allowed researchers to
Structural Phylogeny in Historical Linguistics: Methodological Explorations Applied in Island Melanesia
Using various methods derived from evolutionary biology, including maximum parsimony and Bayesian phylogenetic analysis, we tackle the question of the relationships among a group of Papuan isolate
Genome diversity in the Neolithic Globular Amphorae culture and the spread of Indo-European languages
Comparisons of alternative demographic models via approximate Bayesian computation confirmed that the eastern affinities of the GAC in the archaeological record reflect cultural influences from other groups from the East, rather than the movement of people.


Language trees support the express-train sequence of Austronesian expansion
This analysis uses this analysis to test competing hypotheses—the “express-train” and the “entangled-bank” models—for the colonization of the Pacific by Austronesian-speaking peoples and finds that the topology of the language tree was highly compatible with the express-train model.
Cladistic analysis of languages: Indo‐European classification based on lexicostatistical data
The results suggest a predominantly branching pattern of the basic vocabulary phylogeny and little borrowing of individual words.
Bantu language trees reflect the spread of farming across sub-Saharan Africa: a maximum-parsimony analysis
  • C. Holden
  • Linguistics
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 2002
The Bantu language tree reflects the spread of farming across this part of sub–Saharan Africa between ca.
Tracing European founder lineages in the Near Eastern mtDNA pool.
Time depth in historical linguistics
Time depth constitutes one of the most difficult problems in historical linguistics. Its evaluation is crucial for any systematic comparison with archaeological or genetic data, and hence basic to
Y genetic data support the Neolithic demic diffusion model
A statistical framework is applied to obtain direct estimates of the relative contributions of European Palaeolithic hunter-gatherers and migrant Near Eastern Neolithic farmers, and argues that the demic diffusion model introduced by Ammerman and Cavalli-Sforza captures the major features of this dramatic episode in European prehistory.
Finding Families: Quantitative Methods in Language Classification
Over the past two decades, many of the major controversies in historical linguistics have centred on language classification. Some of these controversies have been concentrated within linguistics, as
The genetic legacy of Paleolithic Homo sapiens sapiens in extant Europeans: a Y chromosome perspective.
A significant correlation between the NRY haplotype data and principal components based on 95 protein markers was observed, indicating the effectiveness of NRY binary polymorphisms in the characterization of human population composition and history.
The history and geography of human genes
The author examines the history of human evolution in Africa, Europe, and Asia through the lens of genetic, archaeological, and linguistic information.
Trends in linguistics
Main entry under title: Historical semantics • Historical word-formation. Preface The present volume contains a selection of papers prepared for the International Conference on Historical Semantics