Language management in the People’s Republic of China

  title={Language management in the People’s Republic of China},
  author={Bernard Spolsky},
  pages={e165 - e179}
  • B. Spolsky
  • Published 10 December 2014
  • Linguistics
  • Language
Since the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, language management has been a central activity of the party and government, interrupted during the years of the Cultural Revolution. It has focused on the spread of Putonghua as a national language, the simplification of the script, and the auxiliary use of Pinyin. Associated has been a policy of modernization and terminological development. There have been studies of bilingualism and topolects (regional varieties like… 

Examining the parameters of translanguaging in the context of Chinese bilinguals’ discourse practices

ABSTRACT This paper addresses the complexity of the linguistic situation in China by examining the language policy and language categorisation in the People’s Republic of China (PRC), which has

Putonghua and Language Harmony: China’s Resources of Cultural Soft Power

ABSTRACT This paper investigates the interrelationship between the implementation of language policies and the development of cultural soft power in contemporary China by examining the Party-State's

Tibet's Invisible Languages and China's Language Endangerment Crisis: Lessons from the Gochang Language of Western Sichuan

The Gochang language is described as an “invisible” language – one that is overlooked by the state's ethnic and linguistic policies and thus is more vulnerable to the social transformations wrought by statist development.

An exploratory study on national language policy and family language planning in the Chinese context

Abstract National language planning and family language planning may converge or diverge. As 2019 marks the 70th anniversary of the establishment of the new China, we examined language planning at

Language Policy and Planning in Russia, China and the USA through the Lens of Mass Media of the 21-st Century

The study focuses on defining specifics of the language policy and planning in the Russian Federation, the USA, and China within the modern political discourse of the 21st century by means of

Language policy in Portuguese colonies and successor states

ABSTRACT In studying language policy, it is not enough to look at central government management, but also at the influence of managers at levels ranging from the family to international

Wrestling between English and Pinyin

This paper examines the code choice and contestations on street name signs in China to find out the dynamics of language politics and the language ideological debates. In China, Hanyu Pinyin and

Bilingualism in the scientific and educational discourse of China: psychophysiological, organizational and pedagogical aspects

The article analyzes certain aspects of the representation of modern scientific, educational and organizational discourse, characterizing the state of research in the field of theory and practice of

Language Maintenance and Shift of a fangyan Group: The Case of Mid-Mountain Hakka in Hakka-Chaoshan Adjoining Areas

Previous studies have discussed the impact of social context on language maintenance and shift of Chinese fangyan in metropolises, but not enough in rural areas. To explore the language maintenance

The interaction of age, second language, types of code-alternation and multilingualism in the Zauzou community

  • Yu Li
  • Linguistics
    International Journal of Bilingualism
  • 2021
Aims and objectives: This paper describes the multilingualism patterns practiced in the Zauzou community, a small ethnic group in Southwestern China. Zauzou is in contact with Lisu, Bai, Lama, and



Linguistic Diversity and Language Harmony in Contemporary China: Guest Editor's Introduction

Has the People’s Republic of China (PRC) changed its minority language policy since the 1990s? For those of us who keep a close eye on the study of China’s minorities, their languages, and their

Language Policy in the People’s Republic of China

Table of contents List of contributors Preface by the series editors Bernard Spolsky and Elana Shohamy Foreword Victor H. Mair Acknowledgements 1: Introduction: The Context of the Theory and Practice


This discussion provides current perspectives on the use of Chinese as a lingua franca among the Han peoples of greater China and in the two special administrative regions of China, Hong Kong, and Macao.

On the Promotion of Putonghua in China: How a Standard Language Becomes a Vernacular

Since the century, language policy in China has had a single aim: promotion of the national standard, called Putonghua (Mandarin Chinese) in the second half of the century (see Rohsenow and Guo, this

Fifty Years of Script and Written Language Reform in the P.R.C.

The chief goals of language planning in China are given as: (1) to standardize and promote “Mandarin Chinese” (Putonghua) as the common spoken language of the People’s Republic of China (PRC); (2) to

Language recognition and nationality

1. There are 56 nationalities in China including the Chinese. The other 55 are minorities using more than 90 languages. Most of the minorities use their own languages, except for a few such äs the

Terminological development and organization in China

Terms are products of the development of science and culture. As science and culture develop, more attention is paid to the formulation and normalization of terms. From this point of view we can

Geopolitics and the Changing Hierarchies of the Chinese Language: Implications for Policy and Practice of Chinese Language Teaching in Britain

Chinese has been the fastest growing modern foreign language in British schools and universities in the last decade, due largely to the perceived growing importance of mainland China as a global

Introduction: The contact between Putonghua (Modern Standard Chinese) and minority languages in China

To provide the background for this issue of IJSL, this introduction focuses on the social and linguistic contexts for the contact between Putonghua and minority languages in China and raises some

Theorizing Over 40 Years Personal Experiences with the Creation and Development of Minority Writing Systems of China

The 55 officially recognized minority groups use over 120 different languages in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). In the semi-feudal and semi-colonial situation of dynastic China, the minority