Language in context: emergent features of word, sentence, and narrative comprehension

  title={Language in context: emergent features of word, sentence, and narrative comprehension},
  author={Jiang Xu and Stefan K{\'e}meny and Grace H. Park and Carol M. Frattali and Allen R. Braun},

Semantic representations during language comprehension are affected by context

It is found that increasing context improves the quality of neuroimaging data and changes where semantic information is represented in the brain, and this suggests that findings from studies using out-of-context stimuli may not generalize to natural language used in daily life.

Discourse-level comprehension engages medial frontal Theory of Mind brain regions even for expository texts

Medial frontal but not posterior ToM regions exhibited small but reliable increases in their responses to texts relative to unconnected sentences, suggesting a role for these regions in discourse comprehension independent of content.

The extended language network: A meta‐analysis of neuroimaging studies on text comprehension

Meta‐analyses of 23 neuroimaging studies confirm the role of the anterior temporal lobes and the fronto‐medial cortex for language processing in context and suggest task dependent contributions for the lateral PFC and the right hemisphere.

Neural substrates of narrative comprehension and memory

Neural correlates of processing sentences and compound words in Chinese

It is suggested that left anterior temporal regions subserve sentence-level integration, while left IFG supports restoration of sentence structure and left posterior temporal sulcus is associated with morphological compounding.

Neural networks involved in learning lexical-semantic and syntactic information in a second language

Learning-related decreases of brain activation over time were found in a mainly left-hemispheric network comprising classical frontal and temporal language areas as well as parietal and subcortical regions and were largely overlapping for novel words and the novel sentence structure in initial stages of learning.

Predicting “When” in Discourse Engages the Human Dorsal Auditory Stream: An fMRI Study Using Naturalistic Stories

This fMRI study provides the first demonstration that, in natural stories, predictions concerning the probability of remention of a protagonist at a later point are processed in the dorsal auditory stream, congruent with a hierarchical predictive coding architecture assuming temporal receptive windows of increasing length from auditory to higher-order cortices.

No title, no theme: The joined neural space between speakers and listeners during production and comprehension of multi-sentence discourse

A shared spatiotemporal pattern of brain activation between the speaker and the listener suggests that the process of memory retrieval in medial prefrontal regions and the binding of retrieved information in the lateral parietal cortex constitutes a core mechanism underlying the communication of complex conceptual representations.



The neural organization of discourse: an H2 15O-PET study of narrative production in English and American sign language.

Results indicate that anterior and posterior areas may play distinct roles in early and late stages of language production, and suggest a novel model for lateralization of cerebral activity during the generation of discourse.

Semantic integration in reading: engagement of the right hemisphere during discourse processing.

It is suggested that the right middle temporal regions of both cerebral hemispheres may be especially important for integrative processes needed to achieve global coherence during discourse processing.

The Response of Left Temporal Cortex to Sentences

The effects of grammar and meaning and the interaction between grammatical and semantic factors are compatible with the hypothesis that the left anterior temporal pole contributes to the composition of sentence meaning.

The role of left inferior frontal and superior temporal cortex in sentence comprehension: localizing syntactic and semantic processes.

Comparisons of the two anomalous conditions revealed higher levels of activation for the syntactic over the semantic condition in the left basal ganglia and for the semantic over the syntactically incorrect conditions in the mid-portion of the superior temporal gyrus, bilaterally.

The Declarative/Procedural Model of Lexicon and Grammar

  • M. Ullman
  • Psychology
    Journal of psycholinguistic research
  • 2001
It is argued that converging evidence from studies that use a range of psycholinguistic and neurolinguistic approaches with children and adults supports the declarative/procedural model of lexicon and grammar.

The neural correlates of verb and noun processing. A PET study.

PET was used to measure regional cerebral activity during tasks requiring reading of concrete and abstract nouns and verbs for lexical decision and indicated that abstract word processing was associated with selective activations, which is compatible with the view that lexical-semantic processing of words is mediated by an extensive, predominantly left hemispheric network of brain structures.

What Does the Frontomedian Cortex Contribute to Language Processing: Coherence or Theory of Mind?

The results clearly show that the FMC plays a role in coherence processes even in the absence of concomitant ToM processes, and support the view of this cortex having a domain-independent functionality related to volitional aspects of the initiation and maintenance of nonautomatic cognitive processes.

Making sense during conversation: an fMRI study

Using fMRI, the role played by the right and left hemispheres in making sense of a conversation is examined and it is found that right andLeft hemisphere systems contribute uniquely to the linguistic skills involved in makingsense of a conversations.