Language in context: emergent features of word, sentence, and narrative comprehension

  title={Language in context: emergent features of word, sentence, and narrative comprehension},
  author={Jiang Xu and Stefan K{\'e}meny and Grace H. Park and Carol M. Frattali and Allen R. Braun},
Semantic representations during language comprehension are affected by context
It is found that increasing context improves the quality of neuroimaging data and changes where semantic information is represented in the brain, and this suggests that findings from studies using out-of-context stimuli may not generalize to natural language used in daily life.
Discourse-level comprehension engages medial frontal Theory of Mind brain regions even for expository texts
Medial frontal but not posterior ToM regions exhibited small but reliable increases in their responses to texts relative to unconnected sentences, suggesting a role for these regions in discourse comprehension independent of content.
The extended language network: A meta‐analysis of neuroimaging studies on text comprehension
Meta‐analyses of 23 neuroimaging studies confirm the role of the anterior temporal lobes and the fronto‐medial cortex for language processing in context and suggest task dependent contributions for the lateral PFC and the right hemisphere.
Neural substrates of narrative comprehension and memory
Neural correlates of processing sentences and compound words in Chinese
It is suggested that left anterior temporal regions subserve sentence-level integration, while left IFG supports restoration of sentence structure and left posterior temporal sulcus is associated with morphological compounding.
Neural networks involved in learning lexical-semantic and syntactic information in a second language
Learning-related decreases of brain activation over time were found in a mainly left-hemispheric network comprising classical frontal and temporal language areas as well as parietal and subcortical regions and were largely overlapping for novel words and the novel sentence structure in initial stages of learning.
Predicting “When” in Discourse Engages the Human Dorsal Auditory Stream: An fMRI Study Using Naturalistic Stories
This fMRI study provides the first demonstration that, in natural stories, predictions concerning the probability of remention of a protagonist at a later point are processed in the dorsal auditory stream, congruent with a hierarchical predictive coding architecture assuming temporal receptive windows of increasing length from auditory to higher-order cortices.
No title, no theme: The joined neural space between speakers and listeners during production and comprehension of multi-sentence discourse
A shared spatiotemporal pattern of brain activation between the speaker and the listener suggests that the process of memory retrieval in medial prefrontal regions and the binding of retrieved information in the lateral parietal cortex constitutes a core mechanism underlying the communication of complex conceptual representations.


The neural organization of discourse: an H2 15O-PET study of narrative production in English and American sign language.
Results indicate that anterior and posterior areas may play distinct roles in early and late stages of language production, and suggest a novel model for lateralization of cerebral activity during the generation of discourse.
The Response of Left Temporal Cortex to Sentences
The effects of grammar and meaning and the interaction between grammatical and semantic factors are compatible with the hypothesis that the left anterior temporal pole contributes to the composition of sentence meaning.
From Perception to Sentence Comprehension: The Convergence of Auditory and Visual Information of Language in the Left Inferior Frontal Cortex
It is unequivocally demonstrated that the left F3t/F3O is involved in the selection and integration of semantic information that are separable from lexico-semantic processing.
The role of left inferior frontal and superior temporal cortex in sentence comprehension: localizing syntactic and semantic processes.
Comparisons of the two anomalous conditions revealed higher levels of activation for the syntactic over the semantic condition in the left basal ganglia and for the semantic over the syntactically incorrect conditions in the mid-portion of the superior temporal gyrus, bilaterally.
The Declarative/Procedural Model of Lexicon and Grammar
  • M. Ullman
  • Psychology
    Journal of psycholinguistic research
  • 2001
It is argued that converging evidence from studies that use a range of psycholinguistic and neurolinguistic approaches with children and adults supports the declarative/procedural model of lexicon and grammar.
The neural correlates of verb and noun processing. A PET study.
PET was used to measure regional cerebral activity during tasks requiring reading of concrete and abstract nouns and verbs for lexical decision and indicated that abstract word processing was associated with selective activations, which is compatible with the view that lexical-semantic processing of words is mediated by an extensive, predominantly left hemispheric network of brain structures.
Making sense during conversation: an fMRI study
Using fMRI, the role played by the right and left hemispheres in making sense of a conversation is examined and it is found that right andLeft hemisphere systems contribute uniquely to the linguistic skills involved in makingsense of a conversations.
Functional MRI of language: new approaches to understanding the cortical organization of semantic processing.
  • S. Bookheimer
  • Psychology, Biology
    Annual review of neuroscience
  • 2002
Three lines of fMRI research into how the semantic system is organized in the adult brain are discussed, which broaden the understanding of how the brain stores, retrieves, and makes sense of semantic information and challenge some commonly held notions of functional modularity in the language system.
Neuroimaging studies of word reading.
  • J. Fiez, S. Petersen
  • Psychology, Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1998
This review discusses how neuroimaging can contribute to the authors' understanding of a fundamental aspect of skilled reading: the ability to pronounce a visually presented word and highlights the importance of spelling-to-sound consistency in the transformation from orthographic (word form) to phonological (word sound) representations.