Language comprehension in ape and child.

@article{Savagerumbaugh1993LanguageCI,
  title={Language comprehension in ape and child.},
  author={E. Sue Savage-rumbaugh and Judith E. Murphy and Rose A Sevcik and Karen E. Brakke and S. Lloyd Williams and Duane M. Rumbaugh},
  journal={Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development},
  year={1993},
  volume={58 3-4},
  pages={
          1-222
        }
}
Previous investigations of the linguistic capacities of apes have focused on the ape's ability to produce words, and there has been little concern for comprehension. By contrast, it is increasingly recognized that comprehension precedes production in the language development of normal human children, and it may indeed guide production. It has been demonstrated that some species can process speech sounds categorically in a manner similar to that observed in humans. Consequently, it should be… 
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The case for a modular distinction between grammar and the lexicon has been overstated, and the evidence to date is compatible with a unified lexicalist account.
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Recent evidence documenting how (and how early) language interacts with core cognitive capacities in the mind of the human infant is reviewed, and whether this link exists in non-human great apes is considered.
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The methodology commonly used in the study of nonhuman ape gestures is applied to the gestural communication of human children in their second year of life, finding that children employed 52 distinct gestures, 46 of which are present in the chimpanzee repertoire.
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