Language Acquisition and Brain Development

@article{Sakai2005LanguageAA,
  title={Language Acquisition and Brain Development},
  author={Kuniyoshi L. Sakai},
  journal={Science},
  year={2005},
  volume={310},
  pages={815 - 819}
}
  • K. Sakai
  • Published 4 November 2005
  • Linguistics
  • Science
Language acquisition is one of the most fundamental human traits, and it is obviously the brain that undergoes the developmental changes. During the years of language acquisition, the brain not only stores linguistic information but also adapts to the grammatical regularities of language. Recent advances in functional neuroimaging have substantially contributed to systems-level analyses of brain development. In this Viewpoint, I review the current understanding of how the “final state” of… 

Early bilingualism, language attainment, and brain development

A Review on Brain Mechanisms for Language Acquisition and Comprehension

TLDR
The main perspectives of language acquisition and language comprehension are reviewed, native language comprehension and bilingual's comprehension has been considered and fMRIEEG analysis techniques are discoursed.

Research Techniques and the Bilingual Brain

Bilingualism—broadly defined as the regular use of two or more spoken or signed languages in a person's daily life—is frequent throughout the world, yet many models of how language is acquired and

Pathways to language: fiber tracts in the human brain

The sensitive period for language acquisition: The role of age related differences in cognitive and neural function

The aim of this research is to better understand why children consistently surpass adults in their ultimate attainment of language--the sensitive period for language acquisition. I propose the Nested

Shared neural correlates for language and tool use in Broca's area

TLDR
The results show an overlap of brain activity for perceiving language and using tools in Broca's area, which suggests that language and tool use share computational principles for processing complex hierarchical structures common to these two abilities.

Greater leftward lateralization of the inferior frontal gyrus in second language learners with higher syntactic abilities

TLDR
A significant correlation between the performance of a syntactic task and leftward lateralization of a single region in the triangular part of the inferior frontal gyrus, which has been proposed as the grammar center, suggests that the neural basis for syntactic abilities in L1 is independent of that for lexical knowledge in L2.

Recent genetic contributions to the study of language

TLDR
It is argued that the discovery of FOXP2 favors a picture of language as a set of cognitive processes that have different neural correlates, arise from different processes of genetic expression, and are the results of different evolutionary episodes, but function coordinately, allowing the authors' species to develop and use language and verbal communication.

Comparative primate neurobiology and the evolution of brain language systems

  • J. Rilling
  • Biology, Psychology
    Current Opinion in Neurobiology
  • 2014
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 39 REFERENCES

Distinct cortical areas associated with native and second languages

TLDR
Functional magnetic resonance imaging is applied to determine the spatial relationship between native and second languages in the human cortex, and shows that within the frontal-lobe language-sensitive regions (Broca's area), second languages acquired in adulthood are spatially separated from native languages.

Brain signatures of artificial language processing: Evidence challenging the critical period hypothesis

TLDR
It is demonstrated that a small system of grammatical rules can be syntactically instantiated by the adult speaker in a way that strongly resembles native-speaker sentence processing.

Functional Neuroimaging of Speech Perception in Infants

TLDR
Functional magnetic resonance imaging measured brain activity evoked by normal and reversed speech in awake and sleeping 3-month-old infants found left-lateralized brain regions similar to those of adults, including the superior temporal and angular gyri, were already active in infants.

A new view of language acquisition.

  • P. Kuhl
  • Linguistics
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2000
TLDR
A new theoretical position has emerged, and six postulates of this position are described, which suggest that infants' strategies are unexpected and unpredicted by historical views.

Language acquisition : the growth of grammar

TLDR
This text provides a comprehensive introduction to current thinking on language acquisition and adopts the perspective of Chomskyan Universal Generative Grammar throughout, assuming a familiarity with basic concepts of linguistic theory.

Dyslexia, Reading and the Brain: A Sourcebook of Psychological and Biological Research

TLDR
The Development of Reading: The Role of Phonological Awareness and Dyslexia, and theoretical Context of Normal Reading Development.

The anatomy of language: contributions from functional neuroimaging

  • C. Price
  • Psychology, Biology
    Journal of anatomy
  • 2000
TLDR
From functional imaging results, a new anatomically constrained model of word processing is proposed which reconciles the anatomical ambitions of the 19th Century neurologists and the cognitive finesse of the 20th Century cognitive models.

Cerebral organization for language in deaf and hearing subjects: biological constraints and effects of experience.

TLDR
Results suggest that the early acquisition of a natural language is important in the expression of the strong bias for these areas to mediate language, independently of the form of the language.