Language Acquisition: Do as You Hear

  title={Language Acquisition: Do as You Hear},
  author={Hugo Th{\'e}oret and {\'A}lvaro Pascual-Leone},
  journal={Current Biology},
Action Representation of Sound: Audiomotor Recognition Network While Listening to Newly Acquired Actions
Functional magnetic resonance imaging findings support the hypothesis of a “hearing–doing” system that is highly dependent on the individual's motor repertoire, gets established rapidly, and consists of Broca's area as its hub.
Recently discovered mirror neurons systems play a major explanatory role in the understanding of human features like imitation, empathy and also language learning. This neural system is at the basis
Listening to Action-related Sentences Activates Fronto-parietal Motor Circuits
The results showed that listening to action-related sentences activates a left fronto-parieto-temporal network that includes the pars opercularis of the inferior frontal gyrus (Broca's area), as well as the inferior parietal lobule, the intraparietal sulcus, and the posterior middle temporal gyrus.
Action and language grounding in the sensorimotor cortex
Abstract In this article, I will comment on recent advances in the research on the intersection between language and action. On the basis of the argument proposed by Arbib, I will consider an
Sensorimotor Learning Configures the Human Mirror System
Representing actions through their sound
The evidence in favour of somatotopy as a possible representational rule underlying the auditory mapping of actions is examined and the links between language and audio-motor action mapping are considered.
Associative learning alone is insufficient for the evolution and maintenance of the human mirror neuron system.
Arguments are presented based upon cross-species comparisons, EEG findings, and developmental neuroscience that the evolution of mirror neurons is most likely driven simultaneously and interactively by evolutionarily adaptive psychological mechanisms and lower-level biological mechanisms that support them.
Mirror neurons: from origin to function.
It is argued that mirror neurons are forged by domain-general processes of associative learning in the course of individual development, and, although they may have psychological functions, they do not necessarily have a specific evolutionary purpose or adaptive function.
Effects of sensorimotor learning on the human mirror neuron system
It is concluded that sensorimotor learning can reconfigure the human mirror neuron system, and that it is, therefore, a mechanism through which the mirror neurons system can acquire its ability to match observed with performed actions.
The continuity between brains: Mental simulation of facial expressions
This thesis is for research or private study purposes only, and the author's right to be identified as the author of this thesis is recognized.


Hearing Sounds, Understanding Actions: Action Representation in Mirror Neurons
This work found neurons in monkey premotor cortex that discharge when the animal performs a specific action and when it hears the related sound, and this discovery in the monkey homolog of Broca's area might shed light on the origin of language.
Neurophysiological mechanisms underlying the understanding and imitation of action
Evidence for the existence of a system, the 'mirror system', that seems to serve this mapping function in primates and humans is discussed, and its implications for the understanding and imitation of action are explored.
Premotor cortex and the recognition of motor actions.
On the relation of speech to language
Cortical mechanisms of human imitation.
Two areas with activation properties that become active during finger movement, regardless of how it is evoked, and their activation should increase when the same movement is elicited by the observation of an identical movement made by another individual are found.
Action recognition in the premotor cortex.
It is proposed that mirror neurons form a system for matching observation and execution of motor actions, similar to that of mirror neurons exists in humans and could be involved in recognition of actions as well as phonetic gestures.
Understanding motor events: a neurophysiological study
It is reported here that many neurons of the rostral part of inferior premotor cortex of the monkey discharge during goal-directed hand movements such as grasping, holding, and tearing, which indicates that premotor neurons can retrieve movements not only on the basis of stimulus characteristics, but also on the based of the meaning of the observed actions.
Speech listening specifically modulates the excitability of tongue muscles: a TMS study
It is demonstrated that, during speech listening, there is an increase of motor‐evoked potentials recorded from the listeners' tongue muscles when the presented words strongly involve, when pronounced, tongue movements.
Imitation, mirror neurons and autism
Functional anatomy of execution, mental simulation, observation, and verb generation of actions: A meta‐analysis
A meta‐analysis is evaluated in specific detail to what extent the activated foci elicited by these studies overlap and the concept of shared motor representations has been proposed.