Language, the Nation, and Symbolic Capital: The Case of Punjab

  title={Language, the Nation, and Symbolic Capital: The Case of Punjab},
  author={Alyssa Ayres},
  journal={The Journal of Asian Studies},
  pages={917 - 946}
  • Alyssa Ayres
  • Published 23 July 2008
  • Sociology
  • The Journal of Asian Studies
A movement to “revive the spirit of Punjab and Punjabi” in South Asia has enabled a surprising thaw between the two Punjabs of Pakistan and India. That this revival movement has been catalyzed from within Pakistan rather than India raises intriguing questions about language, nationalism, and the cultural basis of the nation-state. Although the Punjabiyat movement bears the surface features of a classical nationalist formation—insistence upon recovering an unfairly oppressed history and… 
Writing Punjabi across borders
ABSTRACT Punjabi today is written in both Gurmukhi, utilized in the Indian Punjab, and the Perso-Arabic script, called Shahmukhi in Punjabi, which is utilized in the Pakistani Punjab (and each among
Language of power or “fringe language”?: English in postcolonial India, 1946–1968
Abstract India’s “official language controversy” spanned over two decades from 1946 to 1967, during which the proposal to replace English with Hindi met with resistance from various quarters.
Remembering a Lost Presence: The Spectre of Partition in the Stories of Lahore-Based Punjabi-Language Author Zubair Ahmed
This chapter considers the work of Punjabi-language Lahore-based short-story writer Professor Zubair Ahmed, in order to understand the configuration of pre-Partition memories that haunt the author’s
The Marxist Punjabi Movement : Language and Literary Radicalism in Pakistan
The interface between language and politics in South Asia has had a vibrant, and often times, controversial history in the region. From the linguistic reorganisation of India’s states to the creation
“Kharaak Kita Oi!”: Masculinity, Caste, and Gender in Punjabi Films
This article explores the representations of masculinity and gender in Pakistani Punjabi films. From the 1970s, Punjabi films that depicted the quest for revenge in rural backdrops emerged as the
Class, nation and religion: changing nature of Akali Dal politics in Punjab, India
The Akali Dal is the best organised political party in Punjab and has ruled over Punjab for a longer period than any other political party since the creation of the Punjabi-speaking state in 1966. It
Music and its Many Memories: Complicating 1947 for the Punjab
Music is often invoked as the “glue” that unites people like little else, perennial symbol of a composite culture disrupted by the rupture of Partition. Such a simplistic perspective, however, rides
Ethnicity, marginalization, and politics: Saraiki identity and the quest for a new Southern Punjab province in Pakistan
ABSTRACT This article discusses the complicated relationship between ethnicity, marginalization, and politics regarding Saraiki identity and the quest for a new province in Pakistan. Mainstream
Ethnolinguistic vitality of Punjabi in Pakistan: A GIDS approach
Health or vitality of a language depends upon a number of societal factors such as its status in a community, the number of its speakers, and the institutional support it has. The Objective
Attitudes Towards English & punjabi Language Learning in Faisalabad
Pakistan being a linguistically diversed region has a diglossic situation in which two or more distinct languages can be used by the same speech community. However, these languages differ in status,


Self and Sovereignty: Individual and Community in South Asian Islam Since 1850
Self and Sovereignty surveys the role of individual Muslim men and women within India and Pakistan from 1850 through to decolonisation and the partition period. Commencing in colonial times, this
Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism
What makes people love and die for nations, as well as hate and kill in their name? While many studies have been written on nationalist political movements, the sense of nationality - the personal
The Punjabi Movement in Pakistan
The Punjabi language movement is the aspiration ofcertain Punjabi intellectuals to increase the use of the Punjabi language in the domains ofpower in place of Urdu and English. It is an urban
Visually Mapping the "Nation": Swadeshi Politics in Nationalist India, 1920-1930
In the early years of mass nationalism in colonial South Asia, Mohandas Gandhi inaugurated a swadeshi (indigenous goods) movement, which aimed to achieve swaraj , or “home rule,” by establishing
The Punjab Under Imperialism, 1885-1947
The Punjab--an area now divided between Pakistan and India--experienced significant economic growth under British rule from the second half of the nineteenth century. This expansion was founded on
The Captive State: Corruption, Intelligence Agencies, and Ethnicity in Pakistan
'PIA' stands for Pakistan International Airlines, but not according to manyMuhajirs. The term Muhajir is widely used in Pakistan for those whose families migrated from India in the years after
Conjuring Pakistan: History as Official Imagining
  • Ayesha Jalal
  • History
    International Journal of Middle East Studies
  • 1995
Even before an anthropologist‧s tour de force underlined the power of imagination as creation in narrative constructions of the “nation,” memory, myth, and might had been triumphantly parading the
“A Place Insufficiently Imagined”: Language, Belief, and the Pakistan Crisis of 1971
The breakup of Pakistan in 1971 can be explained in pt by a failure of understanding on the part of the West Pakistani leadership of Pakistan, a seeming inability to recognize what the meaning of
Literary Cultures in History: Reconstructions from South Asia
A grand synthesis of unprecedented scope, "Literary Cultures in History" is the first comprehensive history of the rich literary traditions of South Asia. Together these traditions are unmatched in
The Language of the Gods in the World of Men: Sanskrit, Culture, and Power in Premodern India
List of Maps Preface and Acknowledgments Introduction Culture, Power, (Pre)modernity The Cosmopolitan in Theory and Practice The Vernacular in Theory and Practice Theory, Metatheory, Practice,