Landslides of the 1920 Haiyuan earthquake, northern China

  title={Landslides of the 1920 Haiyuan earthquake, northern China},
  author={Yueren Xu and Jing Liu‐Zeng and Mark B Allen and Weiheng Zhang and P. Zhang X.L. Du},
  pages={935 - 953}
The great M ~ 8 1920 Haiyuan earthquake (HYEQ) was one of the largest and most deadly earthquakes in China in the last century, with ~ 234,000 deaths. The earthquake occurred within the Loess Plateau of northern China, where Quaternary loess deposits form a distinctive blanket across the landscape. Large regions of this loess cover experienced co-seismic landslides. Based on an analysis of the original disaster reports, field surveys, and satellite image interpretation, we have compiled the… Expand
Using Google Earth Images to Extract Dense Landslides Induced by Historical Earthquakes at the Southwest of Ordos, China
As historical earthquake records are simple, determining the source parameters of historical strong earthquakes over an extended period is difficult. There are numerous uncertainties in the study ofExpand
Derivation of earthquake-induced landslide distribution using aerial photogrammetry: the January 24, 2020, Elazig (Turkey) earthquake
On January 24, 2020, an earthquake with the Mw of 6.8 occurred on the East Anatolian Fault Zone in Elazig Province, Turkey, and triggered many landslides. Even though Turkey is in a high seismic zoneExpand


Distribution and characteristics of loess landslides triggered by the 1920 Haiyuan Earthquake, Northwest of China
Abstract On December 16, 1920, an earthquake with a magnitude of 8.5 occurred in Haiyuan County, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Northwest of China. This earthquake triggered several thousand loessExpand
Landslide hazards triggered by the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, Sichuan, China
The 2008 Wenchuan earthquake (Ms = 8.0; epicenter located at 31.0° N, 103.4° E), with a focal depth of 19.0 km was triggered by the reactivation of the Longmenshan fault in Wenchuan County, SichuanExpand
Landslide characteristics in the Loess Plateau, northern China
Abstract Landslides play an important role in landscape evolution of the Loess Plateau, northern China, but they have not been systematically analysed across the region. The contribution to regionalExpand
Historical Co-seismic Landslides Inventory and Analysis Using Google Earth: A Case Study of 1920 M8.5 Haiyuan Earthquake, China
1000 landslides triggered by the 1920 Ms 8.5 Haiyuan Earthquake were mapped as polygons with remote sensing images provided by Google Earth. Although it was more than 90 years ago, the boundary ofExpand
Topographic site effects and the location of earthquake induced landslides
Abstract In the epicentral areas of major recent earthquakes, landslide density scales with peak ground acceleration. Topographic site effects on seismic waves are known to cause important gradientsExpand
Analysis of the geo-hazards triggered by the 12 May 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake, China
The Wenchuan Earthquake on 12 May 2008 triggered a large number of geo-hazards including landslides, slope collapses and debris flows. Field investigations and remote-sensing interpretationExpand
Paleoearthquake rupture behavior and recurrence of great earthquakes along the Haiyuan fault, northwestern China
The Haiyuan fault is a major seismogenic fault in north-central China where the 1920 Haiyuan earthquake of magnitude 8.5 occurred, resulting in more than 220000 deaths. The fault zone can be dividedExpand
The spatial distribution pattern of landslides triggered by the 20 April 2013 Lushan earthquake of China and its implication to identification of the seismogenic fault
After the 20 April 2013 Lushan MS 6.6 earthquake occurred, investigation and identification of the seismogenic fault for this event have become a focused and debatable issue. This work prepared anExpand
Outburst flood at 1920 BCE supports historicity of China’s Great Flood and the Xia dynasty
An earthquake-induced landslide dam outburst flood on the Yellow River about 1920 BCE is reconstructed that ranks as one of the largest freshwater floods of the Holocene and could account for the Great Flood and supports hypotheses that the primary state-level society of the Erlitou culture is an archaeological manifestation of the Xia dynasty. Expand
Density Distribution of Landslides Triggered by the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake and their Relationships to Peak Ground Acceleration
The distribution of landslides induced by the 2008 M w 7.9 Wenchuan earthquake was investigated following the method of Meunier et al. (2007) to examine the relationships to peak ground accelerationExpand