Landscape-level movements of North American elk (Cervus elaphus): effects of habitat patch structure and topography

@article{Kie2005LandscapelevelMO,
  title={Landscape-level movements of North American elk (Cervus elaphus): effects of habitat patch structure and topography},
  author={John G. Kie and Alan Ager and R. Terry Bowyer},
  journal={Landscape Ecology},
  year={2005},
  volume={20},
  pages={289-300}
}
We examined movements of North American elk (Cervus elaphus) in northeastern Oregon, USA. Movement vectors at 449 locations over a 7762 ha area were calculated based on 16,724 sequential observations of 94 female elk-year combinations during spring (15 April–14 May) 1993, 1995, 1996. We calculated movement vectors at the start of morning and evening feeding bouts (0500, 1900 h) and during periods of least activity (0100, 1500 h). Here, we measured characteristics of habitat patches (habitat… CONTINUE READING
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