Land mine detection with neutron back scattering imaging using a neutron generator

@article{Bom2006LandMD,
  title={Land mine detection with neutron back scattering imaging using a neutron generator},
  author={Victor R. Bom and Master A. Ali and Carel W.E. van Eijk},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science},
  year={2006},
  volume={53},
  pages={356-360}
}
The neutron back scattering technique may be used to search for low-metallic land mines. An advantage of this technique is the speed of detection: the scanning speed may be made comparable to that of a metal detector. The method is sensitive to soil moisture. A limitation of the method is therefore that the soil must be sufficiently dry. The neutrons are produced with a pulsed neutron generator. An image of the back scattered thermal neutron radiation is obtained with a two dimensional position… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

A Novel Scanning Land Mine Detector Based on the Technique of Neutron Back Scattering Imaging
The neutron back-scattering (NBS) technique is a well established method to find hydrogen in objects. It can be applied in land mine detection taking advantage of the fact that land mines areExpand
A Feasibility Test of Land Mine Detection in a Desert Environment Using Neutron Back Scattering Imaging
The neutron back scattering technique is used to search for land mines. Advantages of this technique are: the speed of detection, the ability to detect metal free mines, and the insensitivity toExpand
D–T neutron generators as a feasibility tool for landmine detection based on neutron backscattering method
Abstract The detection of buried landmines was investigated based on using D–T neutron source and neutron backscattering method. Signal-to-noise ratio – which is the number of backscattered neutronsExpand
Numerical evaluation of a landmine detection system based on the neutron back scattering technique
This paper describes an anti-personnel landmine detection system, which is based on the neutron back-scattering technique. It consists of a point-like isotopic neutron source (252Cf, 2,31 × 107 n/s),Expand
Landmine detection method combined with backscattering neutrons and capture γ-rays from hydrogen.
TLDR
The landmine detection efficiency is improved in various soil moisture conditions by combining the backscattering neutron method together with the capture γ-ray method and the effectiveness of the pulse mode operation was confirmed numerically. Expand
Thermal Neutron Imaging in an Active Interrogation Environment
We have developed a thermal‐neutron coded‐aperture imager that reveals the locations of hydrogenous materials from which thermal neutrons are being emitted. This imaging detector can be combined withExpand
Using the method of neutron backscattering imaging to detect hidden explosives
The neutron backscattering (NBS) technique is a well-established method to find hydrogen in objects. The intention of the tests described in this paper is to establish the possibility of using a NBSExpand
Numerical Analysis for Remote Identification of Materials With Magnetic Characteristics
TLDR
Anomalies created by materials with magnetic characteristics at the perpendicular component of the Earth magnetic field have been detected by using a KMZ51 anisotropic magnetoresistive sensor with high sensitivity and low power consumption, and also, the effects of physical properties of materials on magnetic anomaly have been investigated. Expand
Multi-parameter optimization of a neutron backscattering landmine detection system.
  • W. Metwally
  • Physics, Medicine
  • Applied radiation and isotopes : including data, instrumentation and methods for use in agriculture, industry and medicine
  • 2015
A study was performed to enhance the neutron moderation and investigate the response of a landmine detection system based on measuring backscattered neutrons with a (3)He detector. ParametersExpand
Research and Development of the Humanitarian Landmine Detection System by a Compact Fusion Neutron Source
A 5 year task is described on the research and development of the advanced humanitarian landmine detection system by using a compact discharge-type fusion neutron source called IECFExpand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 13 REFERENCES
DUNBID, the Delft University neutron backscattering imaging detector.
  • V. Bom, C. V. van Eijk, M. A. Ali
  • Physics, Medicine
  • Applied radiation and isotopes : including data, instrumentation and methods for use in agriculture, industry and medicine
  • 2005
TLDR
In the search for low-metallic land mines, the neutron backscattering technique may be applied if the soil is sufficiently dry and the on-mine to no-mine signal ratio can be improved by the application of a window on the neutron time-of-flight. Expand
DUNBLAD, the Delft University neutron backscatter landmine detector
The neutron backscattering technique may be applied to search for non-metallic land mines in relatively dry soils. A novel, ergonomic detector system has been constructed. Tests with real land minesExpand
Landmine detection with the neutron backscattering method
TLDR
Results from experimental trials with the Delft University Neutron Backscattering LAndmine Detector (DUNBLAD) are presented and will be compared with results of Monte Carlo simulations and a new portable prototype detector is presented. Expand
Detection of anti-personnel landmines by neutron scattering and attenuation.
Four methods for employing neutrons to detect abandoned small anti-personnel landmines are presented and discussed. The techniques used are based on measurements of effects due to the scattering ofExpand
Mine detection with a forward-looking ground-penetrating synthetic aperture radar
In order to detect buried land mines in clutter, Planning Systems Incorporated has adapted its Ground Penetrating Synthetic Aperture Radar (GPSAR) technology for forward-looking applications. TheExpand
Analysis and application of a vehicle-mounted ground-penetrating radar array
TLDR
Methods of data representation for GPR systems and the advantages that can be gained in this area using a multi-antenna array such as enhanced imagery and three dimensional reconstruction of objects beneath the surface are examined. Expand
Land mine detection with the neutron back scattering method
  • IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci., vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 1087–1091, Aug. 2001.
  • 2001
DIAMINE (detection and imaging of antipersonnel landmines by neutron backscattering tewchnique)
  • Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Technology and the Mine Problem. [Online]. Available:
  • 2002
Application of neutrons to plastic landmines detection
  • IAEA/PS/RC-799-2, Vienna, Austria, Sep. 2001, pp. 46–54. cD available from IAEA.
  • 2001
Optimization of the delft university neutron back scattering land mine detector (DUNBLAD)
  • 7th International Conference on Applications of Neutron Techniques, Crete, Greece, Jun. 2001.
  • 2001
...
1
2
...