Land Use and Ecological Change: A 12,000-Year History

  title={Land Use and Ecological Change: A 12,000-Year History},
  author={Erle C Ellis},
  journal={Annual Review of Environment and Resources},
  • E. Ellis
  • Published 18 October 2021
  • Environmental Science
  • Annual Review of Environment and Resources
Human use of land has been transforming Earth's ecology for millennia. From hunting and foraging to burning the land to farming to industrial agriculture, increasingly intensive human use of land has reshaped global patterns of biodiversity, ecosystems, landscapes, and climate. This review examines recent evidence from archaeology, paleoecology, environmental history, and model-based reconstructions that reveal a planet largely transformed by land use over more than 10,000 years. Although land… 

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  • Erle C. Ellis
  • Environmental Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2011
The current global extent, duration, type and intensity of human transformation of ecosystems have already irreversibly altered the terrestrial biosphere at levels sufficient to leave an unambiguous geological record differing substantially from that of the Holocene or any prior epoch.