Land Occupations, Violence, and the Politics of Agrarian Reform in Brazil

  title={Land Occupations, Violence, and the Politics of Agrarian Reform in Brazil},
  author={John L. Hammond},
  journal={Latin American Perspectives},
  pages={156 - 177}
Landless farmworkers in Brazil typically occupy land that is legally eligible for expropriation, but the state normally does not expropriate until a land occupation forces the hand of authorities. Landowners and local authorities in the Brazilian countryside frequently respond to occupations with violent repression. Their action reflects the hybrid character of the Brazilian state, modern and rational in cities and at the federal level but, in many rural areas, still clientelistic and marked by… Expand

Tables from this paper

Landless Workers Movement (MST) Brazil
The Landless Workers Movement (Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais sem Terra, or MST), for many years the largest and most active social movement in Brazil, organizes unemployed and landlessExpand
A Piece of Land or Peace on the Land: How Much Is a Peasant's Life Worth in Brazil?
Land inequality in Brazil is alarming and several poor individuals living in rural areas do not have enough income to survive decently. The struggle to access land should lead to a paradigm shiftExpand
Mística, meaning and popular education in the Brazilian Landless Workers Movement 1
The Brazilian Landless Workers Movement (MST) works to create solidarity and collective identity among its members through a variety of pedagogical practices. One such practice is mistica, which isExpand
Rightful Radical Resistance: Mass Mobilization and Land Struggles in India and Brazil*
An examination of mass mobilizations to promote land rights of the landless and near-landless by Ekta Parishad in India and the Landless Rural Workers Movement (MST) in Brazil identifies a similarExpand
Land, oil and expressions of citizenship in Uganda’s Albertine graben
Abstract The subject of citizenship has grown in significance in recent years, interlinked with other pertinent issues like territory, mobility, resources, property rights, and the most influentialExpand
The politics of agricultural cooperativism in Brazil: A case study of the landless rural worker movement (MST)
  • Wilder Robles
  • Political Science
  • Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management
  • 2019
Abstract This paper examines peasant-led agricultural cooperative formation in Brazil from a political economy perspective. It takes as a point of reference the Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais SemExpand
Organizing In Brazil: The Landless Rural Workers’ Movement and the Aids Movement
Abstract This paper examines the relationship between social movements and the state in Brazil. Comparing the experiences of the AIDS Movement with the Landless Rural Workers’ Movement, I explain howExpand
Resource conflicts between Landholders and Indigenous People in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil: policies, sources and consequences in a historical perspective
This contribution aims to point out central aspects of resource conflicts between extensively producing landholders and the Guarani Kaiowa population of the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul. TheExpand
Environmental and land defenders: Global patterns and determinants of repression
Abstract Environmental and land defenders play a crucial role in attempts to slow down environmental change and address power inequalities in land-use and resource development. Yet, they frequentlyExpand
Land tenure in Brazil: The question of regulation and governance
This paper addresses the serious problems involving land regulation in Brazil and stresses the urgent need to solve the country's agrarian issues. The historical background of landholding and landExpand


Law and Disorder: The Brazilian Landless Farmworkers' Movement
Abstract The Brazilian Landless Farmworkers’ Movement (MST) occupies idle farmland and demands that it be expropriated under the terms of Brazil’s agrarian reform law. The MST uses illegal tactics inExpand
Land reform policies, the sources of violent conflict, and implications for deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon.
We examine land reform policies and their implications for violent conflict over land and resource use in the Brazilian Amazon. We identify the protagonists (land owners and squatters), derive theirExpand
A Judiciarização da reforma agrária
The fight for land reform has received attention of the media, specially, because of the violence in the confrontation between the different actors of the historical land property conflict. However,Expand
An Ambivalent Legacy: Cardoso and Land Reform
Few policies implemented during the presidency of Fernando Henrique Cardoso in Brazil provoked as much disagreement as land reform. While officials claimed to be undertaking a virtual revolution inExpand
Democratizing Brazil : problems of transition and consolidation
The peaceful transfer of power to a civilian president in Brazil in March 1985 marked the end of one of Latin America's most enduring and - until the economic crisis of the 1980s - economicallyExpand
Reflections on rural violence in Latin America
In recent decades rural violence has escalated in many Latin American countries. Although there is a growing body of literature on the topic, there exist as yet few comparative studies. While thereExpand
Horizontal Accountability in Transitional Democracies: The Human Rights Ombudsman in El Salvador and Guatemala
Postwar El Salvador and Guatemala have undertaken to reform and democratize the state and to support the rule of law. Each country entered the 1990s hobbled by a legacy of authoritarian rule, while aExpand
An analysis of the regional impacts of land reform in Brazil
This article aims to portray short, medium and long-term change processes brought about by the establishment of rural settlements in Brazil. The goal was to apprehend the transformations in the livesExpand
Agrarian Reform and Grassroots Development: Ten Case Studies
Part 1 Asia: Philippine land reform in the 1980s, Jeffrey Riedinger explaining anomalies in agrarian reform - lessons from South India, Ronald J.Herring Bangladesh - a strategy for agrarian reform,Expand
Traditional Politics and Regime Change in Brazil
List of tables and figures Preface Glossary of abbreviations and Portuguese terms 1. Introduction: traditional politics, new authoritarianism 2. Oligarchical power and traditional politics in MinasExpand