Land Clearing and the Biofuel Carbon Debt

@article{Fargione2008LandCA,
  title={Land Clearing and the Biofuel Carbon Debt},
  author={Joseph E. Fargione and Jason D. Hill and David Tilman and Stephen Polasky and Peter L. Hawthorne},
  journal={Science},
  year={2008},
  volume={319},
  pages={1235 - 1238}
}
Increasing energy use, climate change, and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil fuels make switching to low-carbon fuels a high priority. Biofuels are a potential low-carbon energy source, but whether biofuels offer carbon savings depends on how they are produced. Converting rainforests, peatlands, savannas, or grasslands to produce food crop–based biofuels in Brazil, Southeast Asia, and the United States creates a “biofuel carbon debt” by releasing 17 to 420 times more CO2 than the… 
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