Lake Tanganyika as an evolutionary reservoir of old lineages of East African cichlid fishes: Inferences from allozyme data

@article{Nishida2005LakeTA,
  title={Lake Tanganyika as an evolutionary reservoir of old lineages of East African cichlid fishes: Inferences from allozyme data},
  author={Mutsumi Nishida},
  journal={Experientia},
  year={2005},
  volume={47},
  pages={974-979}
}
  • M. Nishida
  • Published 1 September 1991
  • Biology
  • Experientia
Genetic differences between 20 species of cichlid fish, representing all the 12 tribes proposed for the cichlid fish fauna of Lake Tanganyika, were studied by allozyme electrophoresis. Most species were genetically very differentiated from each other. Phylogenetic analysis based on the allozyme data indicated that at least seven old, ancestral lineages have contributed to the present cichlid fauna of the lake. Lake Tanganyika, the oldest of the rift-valley lakes, can be recognized as an… 

The Lake Tanganyika cichlid species assemblage: recent advances in molecular phylogenetics

An account of the taxonomy and phylogeny of the Lake Tanganyika cichlid species assemblage, its relationship to the African cichLid fauna, key factors leading to the astonishing diversity and recently proposed alternative age estimates are presented.

On the origin of Lake Malawi cichlid species: A population genetic analysis of divergence

A recently developed method for fitting the “isolation with migration” divergence model to a data set of specially designed compound loci to develop portraits of cichlid species divergence is applied.

Evolutionary Relationships of the Limnochromini, a Tribe of Benthic Deepwater Cichlid Fish Endemic to Lake Tanganyika, East Africa

The linearized tree analysis and the comparison of average sequence divergences to that of the remaining tribes of the H-lineage revealed a relatively recent but simultaneous proliferation of the Limnochromini, suggesting that the same environmental changes triggered the radiation of particular deepwater, benthic, pelagic, and littoral lineages.

The Adaptive Radiation of Cichlid Fish in Lake Tanganyika: A Morphological Perspective

In the present review, morphological studies that relate to the adaptive radiation of Lake Tanganyika's cichlids are summarized and highlight their importance for understanding the process of adaptive radiation.

The species flocks of East African cichlid fishes: recent advances in molecular phylogenetics and population genetics

Recent molecular data on population differentiation and phylogenetics are reviewed, which have helped to unravel, to some extent, the patterns and processes that led to the formation and ecological maintenance of cichlid species flocks.

Evolutionary history of Lake Tanganyika's scale-eating cichlid fishes.

Patterns and Processes of Speciation in Ancient Lakes

An account of the taxonomy and phylogeny of the Lake Tanganyika cichlid species assemblage, its relationship to the African cICHlid fauna, key factors leading to the astonishing diversity and recently proposed alternative age estimates are presented.

Geographical colour variation in cichlid fishes at the southern end of Lake Tanganyika

SynopsisGeographical colour variation and distribution of 48 common cichlid fish species were studied at 20 sites along an 85 km shoreline at the southern end of Lake Tanganyika, Africa. Sixteen

Evolutionary Relationships in the Sand-Dwelling Cichlid Lineage of Lake Tanganyika Suggest Multiple Colonization of Rocky Habitats and Convergent Origin of Biparental Mouthbrooding

The cichlid species flock of Lake Tanganyika is comprised of seven seeding lineages that evolved in step with changes of the lake environment, and it is shown that the Ectodini rapidly diversified into four clades at the onset of their radiation.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 24 REFERENCES

Monophyletic origin of Lake Victoria cichlid fishes suggested by mitochondrial DNA sequences

This work sequenced up to 803 base pairs of mitochondrial DNA from 14 representative Victorian species and 23 additional African species to study the 'flock' of cichlid fishes in Lake Victoria.

Enzyme Variation in Haplochromine Cichlid Fishes From Lake Victoria

To characterize evolutionary changes in some species of the presumed young species flock of Lake Victoria, it is argued that the very high genetic similarities reported here (and by other authors) are best explained by a very recent separation of the different haplochromine gene pools.

Substantial genetic differentiation in Ayu Plecoglossus altivelis of the Japan and Ryukyu Islands.

It is indicated that Ayu in the Ryukyu Islands has existed as a genetically unique stock isolated from that of the Japan Islands since the middle Pleistocene.

Evidence for rapid speciation in African cichlid fishes

Extremely rapid divergence among 7 species of African cichlid fishes is suggested by high estimates of allozymic similarity. Significant differences in gene frequencies among sympatric populations

GENETIC DIVERGENCE AMONG FISHES OF THE EASTERN PACIFIC AND THE CARIBBEAN: SUPPORT FOR THE MOLECULAR CLOCK

The molecular clock is a prediction of the neutrality hypothesis of molecular evolution, which predicts that the rate of amino acid substitutions between any pair of taxa is relatively regular and reflects the divergence time between the taxa.

Biochemical Systematics and Evolution

The major aims of systematics are (a) to determine the number of species in a group, (6) to classify these species in an ordered hierarchy that reflects their evolutionary relationships and/or

Molecular Evolutionary Genetics

Recent developments of statistical methods in molecular phylogenetics are reviewed and it is shown that the mathematical foundations of these methods are not well established, but computer simulations and empirical data indicate that currently used methods produce reasonably good phylogenetic trees when a sufficiently large number of nucleotides or amino acids are used.

Accuracy of estimated phylogenetic trees from molecular data

A comparison of the accuracies and efficiencies of four different methods for constructing phylogenetic trees from molecular data was examined by using computer simulation, and it is shown that the agreement between patristic and observed genetic distances is not a good indicator of the goodness of the tree obtained.

Rates, sample sizes, and the neutrality hypothesis for electrophoresis in evolutionary studies

It is shown that electrophoretic genetic distance estimates are highly correlated with albumin immunological distances between the same pairs of species. The bimodality of rates of electrophoretic

Accuracy of estimated phylogenetic trees from molecular data

The accuracies and efficiencies of three different methods of making phylogenetic trees from gene frequency data were examined by using computer simulation, indicating that in all tree-making methods examined the accuracies of both the topology and branch lengths of a reconstructed tree (rooted tree) are very low but gradually increase with increasing number of loci.