Lactoferrin regulates an axis involving CD11b and CD49d integrins and the chemokines MIP-1α and MCP-1 in GM-CSF-treated human primary eosinophils.

Abstract

Eosinophils are multifunctional immune cells that contribute to innate and adaptive immune/repair responses. Lactoferrin (LF) is an iron-binding protein indicated to alter cell adhesion and immune function by receptor-mediated interactions or by participating in redox mechanisms. The eosinophil adhesion molecules, αMβ2 and α4β1, are differentially expressed following exposure to the cytokine granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and various redox agents. We hypothesized that LF can alter the function and production of proteins involved in adhesion/migration. Utilizing eosinophil peroxidase activity or fluorescent labeling adhesion assays, LF reduced GM-CSF-induced eosinophil adhesion in the presence of fibronectin or vascular adhesion molecule-1 compared with GM-CSF treatment alone. Flow cytometric analysis of eosinophil αM (CD11b) and α4 (CD49d) integrins revealed that cotreatments (24 h) with LF plus GM-CSF induced a significant increase in CD11b compared with control and GM-CSF treatments but a significant decrease in CD49d compared with control and GM-CSF treatments. These changes in CD11b and CD49d levels were significantly correlated with the increased production of chemokines (macrophage inflammatory Protein-1α, monocyte chemotactic protein-1) and an identified increase in S100A9 production. Thus, LF release at sites of inflammation may alter eosinophil recruitment/activation and possibly the progression of diseases such as cancer and asthma where significant eosinophil influx has been described.

DOI: 10.1089/jir.2011.0111

Cite this paper

@article{Curran2012LactoferrinRA, title={Lactoferrin regulates an axis involving CD11b and CD49d integrins and the chemokines MIP-1α and MCP-1 in GM-CSF-treated human primary eosinophils.}, author={C. S. Curran and Paul J. Bertics}, journal={Journal of interferon & cytokine research : the official journal of the International Society for Interferon and Cytokine Research}, year={2012}, volume={32 10}, pages={450-61} }